Java Sparrow


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Java Sparrow

 

(Padda oryzivora), a bird of the family Ploceidae of the order Passeriformes. The body length is 14 cm. The Java sparrow is generally blue-gray. The sides of the head are white, the tail and the top of the head are black, and the bill is red. Native to Java and Bali, the bird has been introduced into Hawaii, Saint Helena Island, Tanzania, and a number of South Asian countries (from Sri Lanka to the Philippines and Fiji). The Java sparrow is a sedentary bird that builds its nest under roofs and in trees (treetops, tree hollows, and trunks overgrown with epiphytes). A clutch contains six to eight white eggs, which are incubated for 13 days. Java sparrows eat seeds, small fruits, and insects. Flocks of the birds cause great damage to rice plants during the ripening period. In China and Japan, Java sparrows are kept as cage birds. A white variety has been produced.

References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 350 fecal samples were collected randomly from 225 white Java sparrows (Lonchura oryzivora) and 125 gray Java sparrows (Lonchura oryzivora), of which 163 were obtained from Beijing and 187 were obtained from Shangqiu from pet shops in 2015.
The variation in Cryptosporidium prevalence (y) of Java sparrows of different geographical location (x1), age (x2), species (x3), and gender (x4) was analyzed by [chi square] test using SPSS 19.0.
Forty-seven out of 350 Java sparrows (13.42%) were tested to be Cryptosporidium-positive by nested PCR amplification of the SSU rRNA gene (Table 1).
In this study, the prevalence of Cryptosporidium in Java sparrows is 13.42%, which is higher than the 4.86% prevalence in birds in Brazil by PCR [11], 8.1% in white Java sparrows in China by Sheather's sugar flotation technique [12], and 3.22% in parrots in China by ELISA [2].
In this clinical report, we describe the treatment and long-term management of thymic lymphoma in a Java sparrow. Lymphoma has been described in birds in the orders Anseriformes, Charadriiformes, Columbiformes, Ciconiiformes, Galliformes, Passeriformes, Psittaciformes, Strigiformes, Sphenisciformes, Pelecaniformes, and Struthioniformes.
In this Java sparrow, the diagnosis of lymphoproliferative diseases was straightforward, but further investigation into the type of lymphocyte malignancy and to differentiate thymoma from thymic lymphoma requires special staining techniques.
(3) We used vitamin-B complex, ursodeoxycholic acid, silymarin, and sucralfate as prophylactic agents to mitigate the side effects of chemotherapy in the Java sparrow, and antibiotics were prescribed only when necessary.
Although thymic pathology has been reported in Java sparrows, (19,26) we describe the long-term management of thymic lymphoma of a clinical case.
The extent of the burglary is not yet known but four turquoisine parakeets, four Java sparrows, a yellow kakariki and a collection of finches and weavers are missing.
The aviary at Higher Shotton, Deeside (main picture), which was broken into twice and 40 birds stolen including parakeets (above left) and Java sparrows (above right) Main picture: ROBERT PARRY JONES

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