Jawad Salim

Salim, Jawad


Born 1920 in Ankara; died 1961 in Baghdad. Iraqi painter and sculptor.

Salim studied in Paris in 1938, in Rome from 1939 to 1940, and in London from 1946 to 1949. In Baghdad he organized the department of sculpture at the Institute of Fine Arts and founded the Modern Art Group (1951). Salim’s paintings and graphic works show the influence of modernist movements. His sculpture, based on the ancient traditions of Iraqi art, reveals the artist’s attempt to create a unique national style characterized by stylized forms and ornamental composition.


Al-Rawi, Nuri. Jmwad Salim. Baghdad, 1962.
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Some of Hikmat's most famous works had been the "Shehrayar & Shehrazad Sculputre", "Ali Baba & the 40 Thieves", Hamourabi, the BaghdadCollage of Arts Wall Sculpture, a Sculpture for the famous Arab Poet, Abul-Tayib al-Mutanabi, al-Hurriya (Liberty) Sculpture in Central Baghdad, which was also shared by the famous Sculpture Artist Jawad Salim, representing the Iraqi People's March,beginning fromthe British occupation to the Royalist Regime and then to the Republican system in Iraq.
The museum's first exhibition spotlights some of the greatest Arab artists of the 20th century including Said, Syrian Fateh Al-Moudarres, Lebanese Paul Guiragossian and Shafiq Abboud, and Iraqis Dia Azzawi and Jawad Salim.
Jawad Salim (Iraq, 1919-1961) Mother and Child, fruitwood and mixed media, inscribed with the artist's name and the title on the base, 43 x 30 x 14cm.
Even at $150,000, this is an incredibly important work as Jawad Salim was foremost a sculptor and this piece is one of his seminal works.
Meanwhile, his interest in the arts continued: in Jerusalem, he established the Arts Club in 1944 at the YMCA, headed it until 1948, and was the mainspring of all its cultural activities, lectures, exhibitions, and concerts; in Baghdad, he and Jawad Salim established in 1951 the seminal and influential Baghdad Modern Art Group, which fostered a vibrant movement of rising Iraqi painters and sculptors, and, as a painter, he took part in its periodic exhibitions between 1951 and 1971.
But he also devoted whole books, in Arabic and/or in English, to such subjects, beginning with Art in Iraq Today (London, 1961), followed by Jawad Salim wa Nusb al-Hurriyya (Jawad Salim and the Liberty Monument, 1974) (10) and The Grass Roots of Iraqi Art (Baghdad, 1983), published later in Arabic as Judhur al-Fann al-`Iraqi (Baghdad, 1986).
The book on Jawad Salim (1919-61), the renowned Iraqi painter and sculptor, benefited from the subject's diaries obtained from his wife and is the best study of his genius.
Among those who contributed strongly to the development of a new vision which combined penmanship and painting are Osman Waqialla, a Sudanese pioneer of calligraphism, member of the Khartoum School and founder of the College of Fuine Arts of Khartoum (1949-54); Hossein Zenderoudi from Iran, founder of the 'spiritual pop art' school of Saqqa-khaneh (1961); Shaker Hassan Al Said from Iraq, a co-founder with Jawad Salim of the Baghdad Group for modern art (1951-1970) and the 'Unidimentionalist' movement.
Mohammed Ghany Hikmat had also completed the famous "Hurriya (Liberty)" Monument in central Baghdad, that was sculpted by the late Sculptor, Jawad Salim, who passed away in 1961, while Hikmat had worked with him in Italy to complete the monument.

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