Jaxartes


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Jaxartes:

see Syr DaryaSyr Darya
or Syrdarya
, ancient Jaxartes or Yaxartes, Pers. Sihun, river, c.1,380 mi (2,220 km) long, flowing through Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan.
..... Click the link for more information.
, river.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other present and future water conflicts involve Turkey, Syria, and Iraq over the Tigris and Euphrates; Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Palestine over water from the Jordan River and the aquifers under the Golan Heights; India and Bangladesh, over the Ganges and Brahmaputra; China, Indochina, and Thailand, over the Mekong; Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan over the Oxus and Jaxartes rivers; and Ethiopia, Sudan, and at least six East African countries, including Egypt, which share the Nile.
Not only was Mesopotamia better supplied by the Tigris and Euphrates, but so were certain regions to the east and northeast where rivers draining the Hindu Kush Mountains in central Afghanistan--the Helmand, the Hari Rud, the Tedzhen, the Murghab, the Oxus (Amu Darya) and the Jaxartes (Syr Darya).
A few mighty rivers - the Nile in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates in Iraq, the Oxus (Amu Darya) and Jaxartes (Syr Darya) in Central Asia - bring huge amounts of water from distant snowcapped mountains and tropical forests.
The trigger for its inspiration was Leopardi's reading of an article in the Journal des savants about Georges de Meyendorff's diary of his travels in central Asia, the full title of which was Voyage d'Orenbourg (once renamed Tchkalov but now called Orenbourg once more) a Boukhara; fait en 1820, a travers les steppes qui s'etendent a l'est de la mer d'Aral et au-dela de l'ancien Jaxartes (Paris, 1826).
He had in mind the conquest of the Pontic-Caspian steppes from the Danube to the river Jaxartes. The execution of Polycrates, tyrant of the Ionian city of Samos, was followed by a large Persian army crossing the Danube in 513 BC, invading the northern steppes of Scythia.
Other present and future water conflicts involve Turkey, Syria, and Iraq over the Tigris and Euphrates; Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Palestine over water from the Jordan River and the aquifers under the Golan Heights; India and Bangladesh, over the Ganges and Brahmaputra; China, Indochina, and Thailand, over the Mekong; Kyrghyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan over the Oxus and Jaxartes rivers; and Ethiopia, Sudan, and at least six East African countries, including Egypt, which share the Nile.