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term applied to free-state guerrilla fighters opposed to the proslavery "border ruffians" during the struggle over Kansas in the years prior to the Civil War. Later, during the war, it was the nickname of the Seventh Kansas Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Charles R. Jennison. The origin of the word is uncertain, but it is believed to signify a bird that worries its prey. Today Kansans are sometimes called Jayhawkers.


See S. Z. Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers (1974).

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antislavery guerrillas fighting on Union side in Civil War. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 256]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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But after witnessing the killing of his best friend's father by jayhawkers, he joins the bushwhackers and spends the next two years in skirmishes with Union irregulars and raids against Union-sympathizing civilians.
Raids by Jayhawkers pillaged Cherokee towns as well.
Ozeme Carriere led perhaps the most notorious of these Jayhawkers. Based west of Opelousas, his gang gathered recusant conscripts from St.
Includes the following from The Jayhawkers in new orchestrations by Nic Raine, based on the composer's manuscripts: Main Title / Cam / The Lynching / The Two Brothers / The Jayhawkers / Attack on Abilene / Death of Darcy / Finale.
Free Stater groups included Jayhawkers, Redlegs and Abolitionists.
Also enjoyable are four-wheel driving (on established trails), biking, and a host of cultural and historical sites to see, including Scorry's Castle--complete with 1840's-costumed guides--Old Stovepipe Wells, the Ubehebe Craters, and the Jayhawkers Trail.
In the anarchic world of Southern-sympathizing Bushwhackers and pro-Union Jayhawkers, it is never easy to know who might be ally or enemy, and the conflict is more often personal and haphazard rather than militarily organized.
"Fighting Fred" Funston and his 1,000 Jayhawkers. When artillery bombardments failed to dislodge the insurrectos from their emplacements, Funston devised an audacious scheme.
They shared a common root; they originated from rebel deserters and their leaders had been jayhawkers during and after the War.(36) That many bands were composed of rebel deserters and were the byproduct of the semi-guerrilla bands and jayhawkers is not surprising.
Their nickname, Jayhawkers, denoted then, as now, those who appropriate the property of others.
Line-up: Monday, April 6 (blues night) - Doc Brown and The Groovecats, Lil Ian Goodsman, the Steve Smith Band, Gav Hamilton and The Jayhawkers; Tuesday, April 7 (country night) - Maggie Gee, Diesel Therapy, John Weighell, Willow Creek; Wednesday, April 8 (roots night) - Rosie and The Hips, The Caffreys, Plumhall, Happy Cats; Thursday, April 9 (big band) - Gene Jarred Band.
Jayhawkers; the Civil War brigade of James Henry Lane.