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term applied to free-state guerrilla fighters opposed to the proslavery "border ruffians" during the struggle over Kansas in the years prior to the Civil War. Later, during the war, it was the nickname of the Seventh Kansas Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Charles R. Jennison. The origin of the word is uncertain, but it is believed to signify a bird that worries its prey. Today Kansans are sometimes called Jayhawkers.


See S. Z. Starr, Jennison's Jayhawkers (1974).


antislavery guerrillas fighting on Union side in Civil War. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 256]
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Raids by Jayhawkers pillaged Cherokee towns as well.
Until some vigorous measures are taken, the conscription in this parish may be said to be suspended, as every man who does not desire to report has only to go within the lines of the jayhawkers to be perfectly safe from the officers of the law.
Moross had inadvertently used the indentical pentatonic theme in his score to the film The Jayhawkers (1959); Paramount Studios granted permission for Universal to use it after the fact.
Also enjoyable are four-wheel driving (on established trails), biking, and a host of cultural and historical sites to see, including Scorry's Castle--complete with 1840's-costumed guides--Old Stovepipe Wells, the Ubehebe Craters, and the Jayhawkers Trail.
The film takes place on the Missouri-Kansas border, where Southern Bushwackers and Union Jayhawkers chaotically roam the countryside, dispensing guerrilla justice as they see fit.
In the anarchic world of Southern-sympathizing Bushwhackers and pro-Union Jayhawkers, it is never easy to know who might be ally or enemy, and the conflict is more often personal and haphazard rather than militarily organized.
They shared a common root; they originated from rebel deserters and their leaders had been jayhawkers during and after the War.
Their nickname, Jayhawkers, denoted then, as now, those who appropriate the property of others.
Benedict is a defense counsel, historian and former military man, and he has written this historical account of James Henry Lane, a US Senator who led a volunteer brigade in the Civil War known as "the Jayhawkers.
Daugherty, "Harrowing Experience with Jayhawkers," in The Trail Drivers of Texas, ed.
In an era when the possibility of Judgment Day and the Last Trump were deeply held beliefs, the biblical patriarchs were no mean spiritual allies--at least as indispensable as "Beecher's Bibles" and the free state Jayhawkers.
Andrew, wartime governor of Massachusetts, that perhaps a guerrilla regiment made up of former Kansas Jayhawkers could be raised to harass the Confederacy.