Jean Arp


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Arp, Jean or Hans,

1887–1966, French sculptor and painter. Arp was connected with the Blaue ReiterBlaue Reiter, der
[Ger.,=the blue rider], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1911 to 1914. It took its name from a painting by Kandinsky, Le cavalier bleu.
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 in Munich, various avant-garde groups in Paris, including the surrealists, and the Dadaists in Zürich. He consistently created novel and abstract forms in various media—bas-reliefs, collages, painted cutouts, sculpture in the round, and painted wood reliefs. Often given a humorous touch, his works contain elements of organic form while retaining their essential abstraction. Arp finished a monumental wood relief for Harvard in 1950.

Bibliography

See his Arp on Arp, ed. by M. Jean (1972); catalog of his sculpture by François Arp (1968); study by H. Read (1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
His plans for flower beds and paving suggest a biomorphic kinship to forms produced by Jean Arp and the early European avant-garde, yet these aesthetic objects are also working drawings.
mention include Henry Moore (1898-1986), especially Recumbent Figure, Jean Arp (1886-1996) and Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973).
As he matured, his work became more "free form," reflecting the influence of artist friends Joan Miro and Jean Arp.
A move to Zurich brought Jawlensky stimulating exchanges with Paul Klee, the inventive Dadaists Jean Arp and Sophie Tauber-Arp, and sculptor Wilhelm Lehmbruck.
Patsy and Raymond Nasher began their collection in the 1960s with the purchase of major sculptures by Jean Arp, Alexander Calder, Joan Miro, and Henry Moore.
Along with a painting and plaster sculpture by Jean Arp, another highlight on the gallery's stand is Orpheus (2008-9) by Anthony Caro.
Clement Greenberg observed in 1940 that certain artists, such as Jean Arp, had moved from painting to bas-relief and then to sculpture because they wanted to work with elements unavailable to "pure painting"--a phrase that implies there is painting other than pure and furthermore just as good.
He was exposed there to modernist artists and sculptors - among them Constantin Brancusi, Jean Arp and Henry Moore - who influenced his future artistic style.
With new sculptural works at Aubette 1928--in the only three rooms preserved of the 1928 four-story nightlife complex conceived as an avant-garde Gesamtkunstwerk by Jean Arp, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, and Theo van Doesburg--and an overview of two-dimensional works from 1999 to 2013 at the Department of Prints and Drawings of the Musee d'Art Moderne et Contemporain Strasbourg (MAMCS), Yang's two-part exhibition "Family of Equivocations" showed how her longstanding use of collage, industrially produced elements, and handiwork has been wedded to an increasingly psychedelic aesthetic.
He himself was a fabulous photographer and he produced hundreds of images of various Dada and Surrealist artists that he had published, including Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp, Tristan Tzara, Hans Bellmer, Giorgio de Chirico, and, of course, Dali.