Jean Arp

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Arp, Jean or Hans,

1887–1966, French sculptor and painter. Arp was connected with the Blaue ReiterBlaue Reiter, der
[Ger.,=the blue rider], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1911 to 1914. It took its name from a painting by Kandinsky, Le cavalier bleu.
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 in Munich, various avant-garde groups in Paris, including the surrealists, and the Dadaists in Zürich. He consistently created novel and abstract forms in various media—bas-reliefs, collages, painted cutouts, sculpture in the round, and painted wood reliefs. Often given a humorous touch, his works contain elements of organic form while retaining their essential abstraction. With his wife, Sophie Taeuber-ArpTaeuber-Arp, Sophie,
1889–1943, Swiss textile designer, painter, and sculptor, b. Sophie Henriette Gertrude Taeuber. She taught textile design (1916–29) at the School of Arts and Crafts in Zürich, then moved to Paris with her husband, Jean Arp.
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, he created abstract multimedia works they called Duo-Collages. Arp finished a monumental wood relief for Harvard in 1950.


See his Arp on Arp, ed. by M. Jean (1972); catalog of his sculpture by François Arp (1968); study by H. Read (1968).

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Isodora Duncan and other dancers, and artists like Marianne Werefkin, Alexej Jawlensky and Jean Arp were among those who participated in performances and collective painting exercises in the nude--creating scandals among the traditional residents of Ascona and Locarno who frowned upon the left-wing politics and the free-spirited ideals of the occupants.
His plans for flower beds and paving suggest a biomorphic kinship to forms produced by Jean Arp and the early European avant-garde, yet these aesthetic objects are also working drawings.
Pretzel, a small relief adding to his endless series celebrating American consumer items which bears a witty resemblance to a Jean Arp abstract, and Chris Ofili's tiny portrait The Chosen One.
Among the top artworks on offer, Jean Arp's 1927 painted wooden relief, "Femme," went for $3 million, as did Joan Miro's 1924 erotic drawing, "The Trap." Rene Magritte's 1929 "La femme cache," a small painting of a nude that was the centerpiece of a famous Surrealist group portrait collage, sold for $1.1 million.
As he matured, his work became more "free form," reflecting the influence of artist friends Joan Miro and Jean Arp.
A move to Zurich brought Jawlensky stimulating exchanges with Paul Klee, the inventive Dadaists Jean Arp and Sophie Tauber-Arp, and sculptor Wilhelm Lehmbruck.
Patsy and Raymond Nasher began their collection in the 1960s with the purchase of major sculptures by Jean Arp, Alexander Calder, Joan Miro, and Henry Moore.
When Herrera and her husband then moved to Paris a decade later (returning to live in New York after five years), she exhibited and published with the Salon des Realites Nouvelles, the legion of international veterans including Jean Arp, Robert and Sonia Delaunay, Theo van Doesburg, Auguste Herbin, Antoine Pevsner, and Sophie Taeuber- Arp, many of whom preserved the earlier avant-garde interest in painting's properties as an object in real space even as they loosened abstract painting from its prewar politics.
His monumental outdoor 'stabiles', as his friend the artist Jean Arp called them, have become the essential adornment of significant public buildings and civic spaces all over the Americas and elsewhere.
The museum is also home to the Miotte Foundation, which is dedicated to archiving and conserving the oeuvre of Jean Miotte and providing new scholarship and research on L'Informel, the post-war art movement meaning "formless," or "away from form." Artists represented include Kirkeby, Schumacher, Thieler, Stohrer, Lakner, Milares and Vedova, Mimmo Rotella, Jean Arp, Poi Bury, Olivier Debre, Jean Fautrier, Sam Francis, Ellen Levy, Joan Mitchell and J.
Instead of contemporary artists and sculptors, Carpenter cites artists from the 1920s and 30s such as Jean Arp and Hans Belmer as influences, as well as the 1960s New Generation artists and Colour Sculptors such as William Tucker and Philip King.