Jean Baptiste Carpeaux

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carpeaux, Jean Baptiste


Born May 11, 1827, in Valenciennes; died Oct. 11, 1875, in Counbevoie. French sculptor, painter, and graphic artist.

In 1844, Carpeaux began studying at F. Rude’s studio in Paris. In 1848 he became a student under J. Duret at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. His works include the spiritually tragic sculptural group Ugolino (bronze, 1857–60, the Louvre, Paris), the decorative and festive high reliefs The Triumph of Flora (plaster of paris, 1863–66, facade of the Pavilon de Flore, Tuileries, Paris) and The Dance (stone, 1865–69, facade of the Paris Opera, Paris), and the sculptural group Four Parts of the World (bronze, 1867–72, in the fountain in the Luxembourg Gardens, Paris).

Carpeaux’s works, such as Fisher-girl (terra-cotta, 1871, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow), are distinguished by dynamic forms, influenced by 18th-century sculpture. There is a fanciful play of light and shade, and the figures are sensual and graceful; at the same time, they occasionally display some of the pretentiousness of salon art. Carpeaux is also well known as a sculptor of numerous portrait busts.


Clément-Carpeaux, L. La Vérité sur l’oeuvre et la vie de Jean-BaptisteCarpeaux (1827–1875), vols. 1–2. Paris, 1935.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"THE PASSIONS of Jean Baptiste Carpeaux" is a major retrospective that will explore the life and work of the exceptionally gifted, deeply tormented sculptor who defined the heady atmosphere of the Second Empire in France (1852-71).
Local artists include the great painter Jean Antoine Watteau, his nephews Louis and Francois Watteau and sculptors Henri Lemaire and Jean Baptiste Carpeaux. Both its Beaux-Arts Museum and public library boast outstanding historic collections (mostly acquired from church and aristocracy during the Revolution) and it now has a university.