Jean Baptiste Greuze

Greuze, Jean Baptiste

 

Born Aug. 21, 1725. in Tour-nus, Burgundy: died Mar. 21. 1805, in Paris. French painter.

Between 1745 and 1750, Greuze studied in Lyon under C. Grandon; he then went to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris. In 1755–56 he traveled in Italy. His genre compositions (Village Bride, 1761, Louvre, Paris; The Paralytic, or Fruits of a Good Education. 1763, Hermitage, Leningrad) extolled the virtues of the third estate, with the enthusiastic support of D. Diderot. The cult of sensitivity peculiar to sentimentalism led him to endow his heroes with motivations that manifest themselves in exaggerated pathos. Greuze’s idealization of nature created a cloyingly sweet manner (women’s and children’s heads). His sketches and portraits (The Engraver I. G. Ville, 1763, Jacquemart-André Museum, Paris) are more realistic and true to life.

REFERENCE

Mauclair, C. Greuze et son temps. Paris, 1926.

IU. K. ZOLOTOV

References in classic literature ?
"Jean Baptiste Greuze," Holmes continued, joining his finger tips and leaning well back in his chair, "was a French artist who flourished between the years 1750 and 1800.
On each tag, Group Tuesday has added an inscription, imagining what the artist (Peter Paul Rubens, say, or Jean Baptiste Greuze) might have written on the back of his painting upon completion.
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