Jean Baptiste Senderens

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Senderens, Jean Baptiste


Born Jan. 27, 1856, in Bar-bachen; died there Sept. 27, 1937. French chemist. Corresponding member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1922).

In experiments beginning in 1897, Senderens, together with P. Sabatier, achieved the catalytic hydrogenation, reduction, and dehydrogenation of organic compounds in the gaseous phase over finely dispersed metal and oxide catalysts. He studied the catalytic dehydration of alcohols and the oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes and ketones in the presence of vanadium oxides, silver, and zinc. Senderens also investigated the decomposition of organic acids with the formation of ketones in the presence of oxide catalysts, catalytic reactions for the formation of esters, and the decomposition of formic acid.


Palfray, C. “Notice sur la vie et les travaux de M. Le Chanoine Senderens.” Bulletin de la Société chimique de France, 1939, 5th series, vol. 6, no. 1. (Contains a list of Senderens’ works.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.