Jean Bodin


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bodin, Jean

 

Born 1530, in Angers; died 1596, in Laon. French political thinker, theoretician of natural law, and jurist.

Bodin studied law in Toulouse and then moved to Paris. In 1576 he was a deputy from the Third Estate to the Estates General, meeting in Blois. In his book A Method for the Easy Study of History (1566) he asserted that society is formed by the social environment and represents the sum total of blood-relationships and economic alliances. Progress is achieved in society, whereas in nature there is merely a cyclical rotation. In his major work, Six Books Concerning a Republic (1576), he introduced the concept of constitutional monarchy and the principle of the indivisibility of state sovereignty by denying the divine origin of a monarch’s authority. He also defended religious tolerance. He acknowledged the people’s right to kill a tyrant. Bodin saw the cause of political revolutions in the inequality of property. In his work An Answer to the Paradoxes of M. Malestroict . . . (1568) he set forth his economic views, defending the necessity for freedom of trade. Bodin had an influence on the formulation of the quantitative theory of money. In his work A Dialogue Between Seven Men (1593, published posthumously) he defended the idea of natural religion.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3. Page 314.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1941. Pages 75–77.
Kogan-Bernshtein, F. A. “Ekonomicheskie vzgliady Bodena.” In the collection Srednie veka, issue 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Chauviré, R. Jean Bodin, auteur de la “République.” Paris, 1916.
Kamp, M. E. Die Staatswirtschaftslehre J. Boden. Bonn, 1949.

G. L. ZEL’MANOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The kingpins in various institutions tend to forget French jurist Jean Bodin's dictum 'majesta est summa in civas ac subditoes legibusque salute potestas, that is 'highest power over citizens and subjects, unrestrained by law'.
Aqui se vinculo, como en su momento lo hiciera Jean Bodin, con Jacques Cujas y la nueva escuela de derecho galico, que se proponia recuperar el derecho romano deshaciendose de los prejuicios de los comentaristas medievales y consideraba fundamental reconstruir el pensamiento de los juristas en relacion con su epoca y escuela de pertinencia, evitando asi caer en el vicio de aplicar leyes antiguas a contextos nuevos que poco tenian que ver con estas.
Jean Bodin was the first to define sovereignty as "the supreme power of the state over citizens and subjects unrestrained by law."
Jean Bodin's Colloquium of the Seven about the Secrets of the Sublime, one of the last great works of the Renaissance, is a neglected text that addresses this important issue.
Para tanto, examinou-se, de modo contextualizado e critico, a teoria da soberania em Jean Bodin, o primeiro a teorizar juridicamente a soberania com a lapidar definicao, como "la puissance absolue et perpetuelle dune Republique" (o poder absoluto e perpetuo de uma Republica).
Jean Bodin defined sovereignty as "Absolute", "Indivisible" and "Complete", the attributes which are not nearer to the situation of the divided South Sudan on the power of their current government.
En el primer capitulo se aprecia como se emprende todo el mecanismo de catequizacion y "civilizacion" de los aborigenes, quienes, aun en los albores del siglo XIX, se catalogaban como seres infrahumanos o bestias, por figuras reconocidas e intelectuales de la Ilustracion desde el racismo de Immanuel Kant, enciclopedistas como Dennis Diderot, Voltaire, hasta politicos y legalistas de la talla de Jean Bodin y el biologo y naturalista Georges Louis Leclerc, mejor conocido como Conde de Buffon, quien se encargo no solo de hacer un analisis bastante superficial y poco sustentable de sus habitantes sino del continente per se, debido que sus fuentes no eran otras que las registradas por la subjetividad de los exploradores y conquistadores y la sesgada vision eurocentrista de la epoca.
En Francia, Jean Bodin argumentaba de modo historico: la posicion del soberano reposa sobre el antiguo derecho del reino.