Gabriel Cramer

(redirected from Jean Cramer)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cramer, Gabriel


Born July 31, 1704, in Geneva; died Jan. 4, 1752, in Bagnoles, near Nimes, France. Swiss mathematician.

Cramer established and published in 1750 a rule for solving systems of linear equations with literal coefficients, thus laying the foundations of the theory of determinants. He also studied the theory of higher-order algebraic curves, including singular points and branches.


Introduction á I’analyse des lignes courbes algébriques. Geneva, 1750.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.