Jean Fouquet


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fouquet, Jean

 

Born circa 1420 in Tours; died there between 1477 and 1481. French painter; seminal figure in French art of the Early Renaissance.

From circa 1440 to 1445, Fouquet lived in Paris; between 1445 and 1447 he visited Rome. He was named official painter to the king in 1475. Fouquet’s miniatures on religious and historical subjects are remarkable for their realistic depiction of events (usually transposed to a contemporary French milieu), their subtle color tonality, and their use of elements of linear and aerial perspective.

Notable among Fouquet’s religious miniatures are those contained in the book of hours for Etienne Chevalier (1450–55, Condé Museum, Chantilly). Fouquet’s historical miniatures include illustrations to the Great Chronicles of France (1458, National Library, Paris), to a French translation of Boccaccio’s The Lives of Great Men and About Famous Women (1458, State Library, Munich), and to The Antiquities of the Jews by Flavius Jo-sephus (1470–76, National Library, Paris). His portraits display an incisive line; they include portraits of Charles VII and the royal chancellor, Jouvenel des Ursins (both in the Louvre, Paris), and Etienne Chevalier With St. Stephen (left panel of the Melun Diptych, c. 1451, State Museums, Berlin). Fouquet is also known for religious paintings that exhibit precise drawing and a refined use of color; examples are the right panel of the Melun Diptych (Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp) and the Nouans Pietà (Nouans Church).

REFERENCES

Perls, K. G. Jean Fouquet. Paris, 1941.
Wescher, P. Jean Fouquet und seine Zeit, 2nd ed. Basel, 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jean Fouquet: The Melun Diptych at the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, September 15, 2017-January 7, 2018.
An Art Deco brooch by Jean Fouquet (1937) was in its period as innovative as the contemporary designs of the Munich jeweller Stefan Hemmerle with rare melo pearls (2011).
"A Glimpse of Clean History" is modeled on a painting by the French artist Jean Fouquet (1420-1481), depicting Pope Urban II's 1098 sermon, which is thought to have helped provoke the First Crusade.
A silver pendant with green and black lacquer by Jean Fouquet was acquired in the 1970s by Chanel's chief designer Karl Lagerfeld, a notoriously avid art collector.
Flemish masterpieces rub shoulders with works by artists such as Jean Fouquet, Titian, Frans Hals, Auguste Rodin and Amedeo Modigliani.
No doubt his many commissions pushed Pichore toward the style of artists such as Jean Fouquet while exposing him to future sources of patronage in court circles.
When it came to making a plaster cast of Agnes Sorel's mummified head, Dr Charlier was greatly aided by studying portraits of the King's mistress, such as the 'Vierge a L'Enfant' by Jean Fouquet.
Whatever the celebrated illustration by Jean Fouquet of The Martyrdom of Saint Apollonia may have to tell us about the staging of medieval plays--a topic recently complicated by the sceptical inquiries of Gordon Kipling--it certainly attests to an abiding human fascination with cruelty and torture.
A good example of this is a painting by Jean Fouquet's Madonna and Child.
The reader is thus carried through an unusually focused, and abundantly illustrated, study of paintings (by Jean Fouquet), Les Cent Nouvelles nouvelles, and the aforementioned writers, all of whom, from the author's point of view, participate in the self-same 'cartographic impulse', the need to locate themselves existentially: that is, to identify themselves to their peers and, gradually, to identify, give an identity to, the nation to which they belong.
They're looking for pieces of quality which really reflect the aesthetic and innovation of the period, and so it follows that they covet masterpieces from the great houses of the time such as Cartier, Lacloche Freres, Van Cleef & Arpels, Janesich, Mauboussin, etc.' Hancocks currently has a Chloromelanite bracelet by the elusive Jean Fouquet, dated c.