Jean François Chalgrin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chalgrin, Jean François


Born 1739 in Paris; died there Jan. 21, 1811. French architect.

Chalgrin studied under G. N. Servandoni and L. P. Moreau-Desproux. He visited Rome in 1758. Chalgrin’s early structures, which are in the classical style, include several hôtels built in the 1760’s and the Church of St. Philippe-du-Roule (1769–84). His masterpiece is the Arc de Triomphe on the Place de l’Etoile (now Place De Gaulle) in Paris (1806–37). Instead of copying classical triumphal arches, Chalgrin created an original composition: a rectangular mass cut through with a monumental passage.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.