Jean Froissart


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Froissart, Jean

 

Born circa 1337, in Valenciennes, Flanders (now in France); died after 1404, in Chimay, Hainaut Department. French chronicler and poet.

The son of a burgher, Froissart served at the court of the king of England and later at the courts of some great feudal lords of France. From his youth he composed verses and poems in the vein of chivalric courtly poetry, but he gained fame as a historian of the military campaigns of English and French knights and for his accounts of their tournaments, feasts, and plunderings. In his Chronicles he described the events of the period 1327–1400, particularly the Hundred Years’ War. In order to collect information, Froissart undertook journeys through England, France, Spain, and Italy. In explaining events prior to 1361, he used the chronicles of the Liège chronicler J. le Bel.

Faithful to those who were paying him, Froissart more than once changed his political orientation to conform to the interests of his patrons. The first edition of the Chronicles reflected his pro-English orientation; however, after Froissart went over to the French in 1370, he reworked the text, so that the second and especially the third editions had a pro-French bias. (Initially Froissart had drawn on the testimony of England’s allies; for the new editions he employed that of England’s enemies.) While celebrating the exploits of the knights of any nationality, Froissan was hostile to, and scornful of, the common people. The Paris uprising of 1357–58, the Jacquerie, and other popular movements were either condemned by him or were passed over in silence.

The Chronicles enjoyed enormous success among Froissart’s contemporaries and among later generations because of its picturesque use of language, lively dialogue, vivid portraits of knights, and artful description of nature, as well as for its abundance of facts, which were gathered from eyewitnesses and participants in the events described. Since the end of the 15th century the Chronicles has been published many times; it has been translated from French into Latin and the modern European languages. The work exerted a great influence on chronicle writing (especially English) during the 15th and 16th centuries.

WORKS

Oeuvres, vols. 1–28. Brussels, 1867–77.
Chroniques, vols. 1–13. Paris, 1869–1958.

O. L. VAINSHTEIN

References in periodicals archive ?
16) For more on patrons in early fifteenth-century France, see Silvere Menegaldo's essay "Les relations entre poete et mecene dans La Prison amoureuse de Jean Froissart," in Patrons, Authors and Workshops: Books and Book Production in Paris Around 1400, ed.
Contemporary Chronicles of the Hundred Years War from the Works of Jean le Bel, Jean Froissart & Enguerrand de Monstrelet (London: The Folio Society, 1966), 68n.
4]: be sure to read the section, 141-44, on "the virtuosity with which adaptors sometimes dealt with the bawdy tales"), philology, maps, portraits, courtly love, and the quite astonishing transformation of Jean Froissart from a fourteenth-century French historian from Hainault to a nineteenth-century English gentleman (ch.
The present volume provides a convenient reminder of the significant historiographical production of writers like George Chastelain, Philippe de Commynes, Jean Froissart, Jean Lemaire de Belges, and Jean Molinet.
Professor Ingledew compares Gawain's sexual temptation to the promiscuous scandals of King Edward's court (specifically the king's rumored rape of the Countess of Salisbury) and its narrative recording and denials by Jean le Bel and Jean Froissart.
Revisaba entonces imagenes como la del tapiz de Bayeux, las cronicas de Jean Froissart, me disperse en la batalla y me fui hacia atras a la Batalla de Alejandro en la casa de Fausto en Pompeya, y un poco mas hacia delante a la misma Batalla representada por Altdorfer, a la batalla de San Romano de Ucello, en algunos resalta el heroe, en otros unos cuantos caidos en primer plano, en todos ellos lo colectivo, la multitud, el drama de la confusion.
The next, and more important, popularizer of the tale about Hugh Despenser and Edward II having sexual relations (at least that I can find) was yet another Belgian, Jehan or Jean Froissart, who was born in Hainault in about 1338 and died at Chimay circa 1410.
As the chronicler Jean Froissart tells us, at the battle of Crecy
In the last part of this discussion of French contexts for the idea of authorship in Confessio amantis, I want to turn briefly to Gower's more immediate predecessors, Guillaume de Machaut, Jean Froissart, and the author of the Tresor amoureux.
Turning, in Chapter 4, to the works of Guillaume de Machaut and Jean Froissart, Blumenfeld-Kosinski examines how these two authors outstrip even Jean de Meun in treating myth as fictive material that can be manipulated as part of their own self-validation as poets.
Pour Robertson, ce dittie possede une valeur historique parce qu'au lieu d'etre soumis aux distortions rhetoriques qui creent la valeur du texte poetique, il provient de l'experience "vecue" du celebre chroniqueur, Jean Froissart.
Third, it indicates that Dafydd's account deserves notice from horologists at large, especially since it must predate the poem by Jean Froissart (c.