Jean Hyppolite

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hyppolite, Jean


Born Jan. 8, 1907, in Jonzac; died Oct. 27, 1968, in Paris. French idealist philosopher, influenced by German neo-Hegelianism. Professor of philosophy at the Sor-bonne from 1947 to 1955, director of the Ecole Normale Superi-eure from 1955 to 1963, professor at the College de France from 1963.

Hyppolite translated Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind into French in 1939 and wrote several works on his philosophy, which he interpreted from a position close to that of existentialism. In his articles on the early works of Marx, Hyppolite developed the idea that the Marxist economic doctrine was based not so much on an analysis of the facts as on philosophical assumptions and moral imperatives going back to Hegel. French Marxists have subjected Hyppolite’s anti-Marxist views to criticism.


Genèse et structure de la phénoménologie de l’esprit. Paris, 1947.
Introduction a la philosophic de I’histoire de Hegel. Paris, 1948.
Logique et existence. Paris, 1953.
Etudes sur Marx et Hegel. Paris, 1955.


Gretskii, M. N. “Kritika neogegel’ianstva marksistami Frantsii.” In Voprosy filosofii, 1963, no. 8.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Jean Hyppolite explained that self-consciousness was a form of desire for Hegel, a desire towards the unity of the 'I' with itself that can only be found in another desire, or when the 'I' finds another self-consciousness.
The most common answers to this conundrum mobilize the resources of philosophical historiography and refine the understanding of Foucault's encounter with Kant and Nietzsche, emphasizing the seminal complexity and ambiguity of Foucault's 1961 dissertation on Kant's Pragmatic Anthropology (Foucault 2008), his early engagement with anthropology and Kantianism, [12] his dependence on the interpretations of transcendentalism offered by Jean Hyppolite and Jules Vuillemin; or underlining the overlappings and distinctions between critique and analysis, between different aspects of modernity, between an early and a late Foucault; or again focusing on the subtle mutations of his transcendental presumption and the continuous micro-variations of his Nietzscheanism and Kantianism.
Instead, he emphasizes the influence of Jean Hyppolite, the translator and commentator of Hegel's Phenomenology, and a teacher at the Ecole Normale Superieure and other strategic high learning institutions.
[8.] Jean Hyppolite, The Genesis and Structure of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit (Evanston, IL: Northwestern Univ.
The first essay sets the stage insofar as the work of Jean Hyppolite is seen as foundational for Derrida and Foucault.
"Nietzsche, la genealogie, l'histoire." Hommage a Jean Hyppolite. Ed.
This paper examines the agonistic, yet filial connection between Hegel's view of history and Foucault's, a connection that runs from Kant through the French Hegelian scholar, Jean Hyppolite, that has not been fully acknowledged or appreciated.
He linked this apprehension of the "real presence" of Tintoretto, freed from specific figurations, to the moment in reading when "the subject present in the work disengages itself from all that surrounds it, and stands alone." Later, in a response to Jean Hyppolite's paper on Hegel's language, contrasting Leibniz and Hegel, he had recourse to the literary example of Tristram Shandy, the presence of whose narrator depends upon "the passage from the triumph of language to the failure of language." Like that constantly self-qualifying text of Sterne, the criticism of Georges Poulet achieves a sense of presence in the very ruin of language.