Jean Jacques Dessalines

Dessalines, Jean Jacques


Born around 1760; died Oct. 17, 1806, near Port-au-Prince. One of the leaders of the rebellion of Haitian Negroes and mulattoes for independence from France.

A Negro, until 1790 he was the slave of one Dessalines, whose last name he adopted. In 1791, Dessalines took part in a rebellion of Negro slaves and mulattoes against the plantation owners and soon became one of the closest aides of the leader of the rebellion, F. Toussaint-L’Ouverture. After the capture of Toussaint-L’Ouverture by the French in 1802, Dessalines continued to lead the rebellion until the French were driven from Haiti and the country’s independence was declared (January 1804). At the end of 1804 he proclaimed himself emperor of Haiti under the name Jacob I. He began to distribute land among Negroes and mulattoes, evoking the wrath of the large landowners. Dessalines was killed by conspirators.

References in periodicals archive ?
On this day of January 1st 2019, 215 years after our national independence, I think with emotion and historical depth, to the founding fathers of the nation (Jean Jacques Dessalines, Alexandre Petion, Franois Capois, Boisrond Tonnerre and J'en passe) .
| WHEN did Jean Jacques Dessalines proclaim Haiti an independent republic?
Jean Jacques Dessalines was briefly emperor of which Caribbean country?
Aid worker Gurmeet Philora, of Grangetown, Cardiff People enter a damaged shopping centre in Port-au-Prince A boy bleeding from the head screams after he was beaten during looting of quake-damaged stores Buildings on Jean Jacques Dessalines Street burn in Port-au-Prince This picture shows the destruction caused by the earthquake which hit Haiti in January this year
Toussaint L'Ouverture, Jean Jacques Dessalines, Alexander Hamilton,
Unos anos antes, en 1804, Haiti habia logrado su independencia de la metropoli francesa, luego de una cruenta lucha encabezada por Francois Dominique Toussaint-Louverture y Jean Jacques Dessalines. El pueblo afroamericano de esta colonia, alguna vez la mas rica de estas latitudes y hoy la mas pobre, puso el ejemplo al romper de tajo las cadenas de la esclavitud.
(1) Following the declaration of independence on January 1, 1804, the 1805 Constitution was written under the rule of Jean Jacques Dessalines and signed by Dessalines and Henri Christophe (later King of the northern half of Haiti) along with other supporters.