Jean Lannes

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lannes, Jean


Born Apr. 11, 1769, in Lectoure, Gascony; died May 31, 1809, in Vienna. Marshal of France (1804); duke of Montebello (1808). Son of a groom.

In 1792, Lannes voluntarily joined the revolutionary army and for his bravery was promoted to officer. He was discharged in 1795 by the Thermidorian Convention and volunteered for the Italian Army of Napoleon Bonaparte, who promoted him to brigadier general for distinction in combat. He became commander of the consular guard on Brumaire 18, 1799. Lannes commanded the vanguard of the Italian Army in 1800 and defeated the Austrian troops at Montebello. Later he commanded the left wing in the Battle of Austerlitz of 1805 and the center in the Battle of Jena. In 1808–09, Lannes was commander of the French troops in Spain and directed the siege and storm of Zaragoza. As head of the vanguard in the war between Austria and France in 1809 he was gravely wounded on May 22 in the battle of Asparn and died soon after.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His own copious tears at the death of his longtime friend, Marshal Jean Lannes, during the Austrian campaign of 1809 set a model of public grief considered appropriate when one lost a beloved comrade-in-arms.
Even Marshal Jean Lannes, the son of a livery stables keeper who rose to become one of his ablest lieutenants, seems to have lost patience.
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