Jean Moréas

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Moréas, Jean

 

(pseudonym of lannis Papadiamantopoulos). Born Apr. 15, 1856, in Athens; died Mar. 30, 1910, in St. Mandé (Paris), department of Seine. French poet of Greek origin.

In 1882, Moréas settled in Paris. His first collections of poetry in French, Les Syrtes (1884) and Les Cantilenes (1886), were written in the symbolist style. Moreas was the first to use the term “symbolism” and his “Symbolist Manifesto” (1886) expounded the principles of this new literary movement. Later, in 1891, he founded the ecole romane, which was the first manifestation of neoclassicism in French modernist poetry. Moreas appealed for a return to “French lucidity,” which had been abandoned by the symbolists; as models he proposed the poetry of the Pleiade and 17th-century French poetry. Moreas’ most important work is his seven books of Stances (1899–1901; seventh book published 1920).

WORKS

In Russian translation: [Verse.] In I. Tkhorzhevskii, Tristia, St. Petersburg, 1906. [Verse.] In V. Briusov, Poln. sobr. soch. i perevodov, vol. 21. St. Petersburg, 1913. [Verse.] In I. Ehrenburg, Ten’derev’ev. Moscow, 1969. [Verse.] In B. Livshits, U nochnogo okna. Moscow, 1970.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Rykova, N. la. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literature. Leningrad, 1939.
Embiricos, A. Les Etapes de J. Moréas. Lausanne, 1948.

M. V. TOLMACHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Il est en realite l'oeuvre de Paul Adam, qui avait lui-meme cree ce personnage avec Jean Moreas, quelques annees plus tot.
While he was officially studying law full-time, he sat for days in the gigantic reading room at the Biblioteque National and read his way first through classic authors like Racine, but later on with much more enthusiasm the moderns: Jules Laforgue, Rimbaud, Baudelaire, Valery, Jean Moreas, and, not least, Proust.
The songs include some of Poulenc's best known melodies: Le bestiaire, Banalites, and Quatre poemes on poetry of Guillaume Apollinaire; Airs chantes on texts by Jean Moreas; Cinq poemes on poems by Max Jacob; and Chansons gaillardes on anonymous eighteenth century texts.
Sus amistades con Jean Moreas, Charles Morice, Austin de Croze, Remy de Gourmont, Paul Fort, Aurelien Lugne, Poe o Henry de Groux incidieron fuertemente en su creacion literaria; sin embargo, los criticos y biografos no han profundizado mucho en ellas.
On the 14th of September, 1891, Jean Moreas published the manifesto of the school in Le Figaro:
While a myth is usually a symbolic story that has a distinctive form, Jean Moreas, in his Symbolist Manifesto (1886), describes the symbol in terms of an organic union of form and content: "la poesie symboliste cherche: a vetir l'idee d'une forme sensible" (33).
(19.) In the 1886 Symbolist Manifesto, Jean Moreas called for a poetry in which "primordial ideas" are clothed in "a tangible form," yet with neither the concept nor the sensuous form as the poem's object, but rather the "esoteric affinity" between them; and in 1900 Henri de Regnier said that the poet's goal is to achieve "the most perfect and complete figurative expression of Idea through Symbol." See Robert L.
Laloy characterizes Estampes and Nocturnes as "impressionistic pictures--all vibrations in the air and effects of light--with almost no prominent lines, above all with no impasto"; he compares Debussy's new style to the "bold colours" of Claude Monet and Paul Gauguin and the literary genius of Henri de Regnier and Jean Moreas, describing it as "tight, determined, affirmative, full; in a word, Classical" (pp.
Estamos pues antes del modernismo, estamos antes del descubrimiento del romanticismo, del Parnaso, del simbolismo, de algunos poetas que Amado Nervo conocio personalmente; por ejemplo, el griego Jean Moreas; por ejemplo; Verlaine, que para mi es uno de los mayores poetas de la literatura francesa y aun de la literatura sin adjetivos, de la poesia sin restricciones geograficas, y de Oscar Wilde, cuya vida y cuya doctrina, acaso fueron mas importantes que su verso.
Publication of his first naturalist novel, Chair molle (1885; "Soft Flesh"), led to his being prosecuted; his second, Le The chez Miranda (1886; "Tea at Miranda's"), written with Jean Moreas, is an early example of Symbolism.
Within weeks of the publication of Jean Moreas's Symbolist manifesto in September 1886, a group of anarchists recognized certain compatibilities between Symbolist writing and their own goals of revolution (Shryock 2000).