Jean Moulin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Moulin, Jean


Born June 20, 1899, in Béziers, France; died July 8, 1943, near Frankfurt am Main. Hero of the French Resistance.

Moulin was prefect of the department of Eure-et-Loir when fascist German troops invaded France in June 1940; he responded as a patriot and a democrat. In November 1940 he was removed from his post by the Vichy government. In 1941 he joined the Free French movement in London and in January 1942 became the representative of the French National Committee (FNC) in the southern zone of France. There he helped coordinate the operations of Resistance organizations and establish liaison between these organizations and the FNC.

In February 1943, Moulin was appointed the general representative of the FNC for all of France. He was one of the founders of the National Council of the Resistance and became its first chairman on May 27, 1943. On June 21, 1943, he was arrested by the Gestapo. He was brutally tortured and died during deportation to Germany. In 1964, Moulin’s ashes were transferred to the Pantheon. A monument to Moulin has been erected in Chartres, the capital of the department of Eure-et-Loir.,

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Raymond Aubrac was captured along with celebrated Resistance hero Jean Moulin on June 21, 1943, when police raided a meeting spot - a doctor's office - near Lyon.
Address for correspondence: Didier Raoult, Unite des Rickettsies, Faculte de Medecine, 27, Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France; fax: 33-4-91-38-77-72; email:
When Patrick Marnham began his life of Jean Moulin he expected a straightforward account of an obvious hero.
Morris and Prat chose eighty-six images that tell of suffering, shame, and absurdity: a swastika on the Hotel de Ville, Wehrmacht officers in front of the Grand Hotel, the executions of hostages, prisoners being taken to concentration camps, a young girl still playing with her tricycle before being carted off with her family by the Nazis, collaborators, a torture helmet from the Gestapo prisons, the Resistance fighter Jean Moulin , the cell in the Montluc fort where Moulin was tortured, the crowd cheering Petain, then de Gaulle at the liberation of Lyon, the Allied bombings, the action of the Resistance fighters at the liberation, and so on.
They were taken to the French warship Jean Moulin. Britain's Deputy High Commissioner, Colin Glass, said: "We are trying to lay on every available ship and aircraft to help."
Address for correspondence: Didier Raoult, CNRS UMR 6020, IFR 48, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, 27 Blvd Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille CEDEX 5, France; fax: 33-491-38-77-72; email: didier.
Address for correspondence: Didier Raoult, Unite des Rickettsies, CNRS UMR 6020, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterrande, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille CEDEX 05, France; fax: 33-4-91-38-77-72; email: didier.raoult@medecine.
Address for correspondence: Didier Raoult, Faculte de Medecine, Unite des Rickettsies, 27 bd Jean Moulin, 13005 Marseille, France; fax: 33-491-38-77-72; email: didier.raoult@