Jean Nicolas Billaud-Varenne

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Billaud-Varenne, Jean Nicolas


Born Apr. 23, 1756, in La Rochelle; died June 13, 1819, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Figure in the Great French Revolution; Jacobin.

Billaud-Varenne was a lawyer. He was a member of the Commune of Paris created during the uprising of Aug. 10, 1792. Beginning in September 1792 he was a deputy to the Convention. He came out in favor of the limitation of social inequality. A supporter of revolutionary terror, Billaud-Varenne became a member of the Committee of Public Safety in September 1793. During the period of the split in the Jacobin bloc, he fought against the supporters of G. J. Danton and Hébert. During the counterrevolution of 9 Thermidor (July 27–28, 1794) he was an opponent of M. Robespierre. Billaud-Varenne was arrested during the Thermidorean reaction and in 1795 was exiled to Cayenne (French Guiana). Billaud-Varenne refused to accept the amnesty offered by Napoleon Bonaparte and remained in exile.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.