Jean De Rotrou

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Rotrou, Jean De


Born Aug. 21, 1609, in Dreux; died there June 27, 1650. French dramatist and poet.

Rotrou was one of the literary secretaries of A. J. Richelieu. His first plays were tragicomedies with complex intrigues, lofty emotions, and many stage effects; they included The Hypochondriac (1631), Diana (1635), and The Innocent Infidelity (1637). In the late 1630’s, influenced by Corneille and the achievements of classicist dramaturgy, Rotrou wrote dramas derived from classical sources, including the tragedies Antigone (1639) and Belisarius (1644) and the comedy The Doubles (1638). Rotrou’s most important plays are The True Saint Genesius (1647), Wenceslaus (1648), and Cosroès (1649), which exalt self-denial and the triumph of duty over emotion. His works influenced Molière and other writers.


Oeuvres, vols. 1–5. Paris, 1820.
Théâtre choisi, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1882.
In Russian translation:
In Russkaia Taliia. St. Petersburg, 1824.


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 435–36.
Jarry, J. Essai sur les oeuvres dramatiques de J. Rotrou. Lille, 1968.
Knutson, H. C. The Ironic Game: A Study of Rotrou’s Comic Theater. Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Georges de Scudery, Jean Rotrou, Jean Racine), comedy (e.
36-46, and Immanence and Transcendence: The Theatre of Jean Rotrou (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969), pp.
5) See "L'histoire de Saint Genest," in Jean Rotrou, Le veritable Saint Genest, ed.
Nelson, Immanence and Transcendence: The Theater of Jean Rotrou, 1609-1650 (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969).
The latter include principally Francois Le Metel de Boisrobert, Jean Rotrou, and Paul Scarron, and more incidentally Pierre and Thomas Corneille, Antoine Le Metel, sieur d'Ouville, and Philippe Quinault.