Jean Sibelius


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Sibelius, Jean

 

Born Dec. 8, 1865, in Hämeenlinna (Tavas-tehus); died Sept. 20, 1957, in Järvenpää, near Helsinki. Finnish composer.

A pupil of M. Wegelius in Helsinki, Sibelius completed his studies with A. Becker in Berlin and R. Fuchs and C. Goldmark in Vienna. His most important creations were his major orchestral works (seven symphonies and 14 symphonic poems, 1892–1929). Sibelius embodied the distinctive northern color of Finnish folk music in his works, using its characteristic harmonic and rhythmic turns. The poetic images of the national epic, the Kalevala, inspired the Kullervo Symphony and the symphonic poems, including the Lemminkäinen Suite (four poems, of which The Swan of Tuonela won Sibelius renown), Pohjola’s Daughter, and Tapiola. Many of Sibelius’ works are imbued with patriotism (the first and second symphonies, the symphonic poem Finlandia, and the choral works, including the heroic cantata Our Native Land). Impressionistic overtones are characteristic of his program music, which is pervaded by images of nature (the symphonic poems A Saga, Spring Song, Night Ride and Sunrise, The Dryads, The Oceanides, and Tapiola, as well as the Symphony No. 4).

The form of some of the works from Sibelius’ early and middle creative periods (the second, fourth, and fifth symphonies) deviates from the classical scheme. The music is noted for diverse moods, an orchestral palette rich in original sound images, a rhythm characterized by breaks, and a poignant, sharp harmonic language. In his later works Sibelius turned to classical clarity of form and simplicity of expressive means.

Among Sibelius’ most popular works are the concerto for violin and orchestra, which is distinguished by deep emotions and by originality in the musical embodiment of images; the lyric art songs “Black Roses,” “Driftwood,” and especially “The Tryst”; and music for dramatic performances, rearranged for concert performance, including “Valse Triste” and the orchestral suite from the music to Shakespeare’s The Tempest. The Sibelius Week festival has been held in Finland in June since 1950.

REFERENCES

Aleksandrova, V., and Bronfin, E. Ian Sibelius. Moscow, 1963.
Stupel’, A. Ian Sibelius. Leningrad, 1963.
Vachnadze, M. Ian Sibelius. Moscow, 1963.
Entelis, L. “Sibelius.” In Siluety kompozitorov XX v. Leningrad, 1971.
Gray, C. Sibelius, 2nd ed. London, 1938.
Ringbom, N. E. Jean Sibelius. Oklahoma [1954].
Vignal, M. Jean Sibelius. [Paris] 1965.
Tawaststjerna, E. Sibelius. Stockholm, 1968.

M. A. VACHNADZE

References in periodicals archive ?
Political dimensions of Sibelius's music are the focus of Veijo Murtomaki's "Sibelius: Composer and Patriot" and James Hepokoski's "Finlandia Awakens." Reception history and appropriations of Sibelius and his music form the bases for Ruth-Maria Eicher's "Jean Sibelius ein Politkum?--Das.
(A few scattered "Hameenlinna" details, however, found their way into the opening of Guy Rickards's recent biography, Jean Sibelius [London: Phaidon Press, 1997]).
EUGENE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA WHAT: Compositions by Jean Sibelius, Carl Nielsen and John Adams, with violinist Jorja Fleezanis WHEN: 8 p.m.
5" by Jean Sibelius (3:23), "I Dream About This World" featuring David Darling (6:22), "Outside of Time, a Healing" featuring Nancy Rumbel (9:50), "Die Luft Ist Blau" (4:02), "Helga Suite: Chorale by Ann Wyeth McCoy" (2:15), "A Walk" (3:13), "Off At Sea" (featuring Nancy Rumbel & David Darling) (4:46), "All That I Feel" (3:20), "April Rain" (4:01), and "Eternity" (4:36).
After this, Professor Andersson and the director of Abo Akademi University approached Jean Sibelius (1865-1957), asking for his permission to name the collections "The Sibelius Museum".
It's sometimes said that the music of Jean Sibelius is more accessible and more easily understood by people who inhabit northern climes--like Russia, Scandinavia and Canada.
Asi como Jean Sibelius es el compositor finlandes por antonomasia y Frederick Chopin el polaco, Edward Grieg es el noruego.
These included Dmitri Shostakovich's Festive Overture, op.96, Jean Sibelius' Violin Concerto in D minor, op.47 and works by Filipino composers, including Redentor Romero and Ryan Cayabyab.
And whilst he conducted these first two works, with the second from the piano stool, Mustonen must have relished the opportunity to do the same for music by compatriot Jean Sibelius.
The tour program, entitled "Baltic Sea Landscapes," will feature works of Jean Sibelius's Karelia Suite, Arvo Part's Swansong, Sergej Prokofiev's Symphony No.
Considerada con toda razon como la orquesta de Jean Sibelius (1865-1957), el mas grande compositor en la historia de Finlandia, la Filarmonica de Helsinki se fundo en 1882, es decir, cuando el musico contaba con apenas 17 anos y empezaba su labor creativa.
The concert, hosted by Cairo Opera House and played by the Cairo Symphony Orchestra last Saturday, was the first in a series of concerts dedicated for the 150th anniversary of the birth of the famous Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. The Ambassador of Finland, Tuula YrjE[micro]lEn, attended the concert with a delegation from the Finnish embassy including Ramses Malaty, the development counsellor, economic and trade affairs and Dr Said Sadek, the media and cultural advisor of the embassy and many others.