Joinville, Jean, sire de

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Joinville, Jean, sire de

(zhäN sēr də zhwăNvēl`), 1224?–1317?, French chronicler, biographer of Louis IXLouis IX
or Saint Louis,
1214–70, king of France (1226–70), son and successor of Louis VIII. His mother, Blanche of Castile, was regent during his minority (1226–34), and her regency probably lasted even after Louis reached his majority; she was his
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 of France (St. Louis). As seneschal (governor) of Champagne, Joinville was a close adviser to Louis, whom he accompanied (1248–54) on the Seventh Crusade. He opposed and refused to take part in the Eighth Crusade. His memoir of St. Louis, dictated between 1304 and 1309 for the instruction of Louis X, is an invaluable record of the king, of feudal France, and of the Seventh Crusade. It is written in a simple, delightful style, with moving reverence for the saintly and chivalrous king, with a sharp eye for graphic and psychological detail, and with occasional, sly humor. There are several English translations of Joinville's memoirs, notably those by Sir Frank Marzials (1908), Joan Evans (1938), and René Hague (1955).
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References in periodicals archive ?
No contemporary chronicler attempted a life of Edward; there is no equivalent to Jean de Joinville's life of Louis IX of France to illuminate the king's character.
A French chronicler, Jean de Joinville, wrote that "a third of the world died."
The major theme of this study of ethnographic narratives produced by Europeans in the Middle Ages--specifically: "Gerald of Wales in his description of the twelfth-century Welsh, William of Rubruck among the Mongols, Jean de Joinville in his account of the various Muslim 'Saracens' encountered on the Seventh Crusade, and the Mandeville author in his description of the world's diverse faiths from the Holy Land to the Far East"--is the remarkable and perhaps surprising evidence that these writers were frequently able to adopt the perspectives "in light of another's word," or from the perspectives of the other, in contemporary parlance.
During works in Joinville Castle in 1629, a mensal tomb cover was found, and it is beyond any reasonable doubt that of Jean de Joinville (figure 6) (Michel and Didot lxxv-lxxix).
Additionally, Gaposchkin presents a detailed analysis of the best well-known source on Saint Louis, the vie written by Jean de Joinville. Gaposchkin argues convincingly for a text composed in two parts: a core narrative written first, depicting Louis as a feudal lord and crusader; and a hagiographical framework composed after the canonization, drawing on tropes of ideal kingship and royal sanctity.
This last, seventh, Crusade is best known because of the memoirs of Jean de Joinville to which can be added the chronicle of Matthew Paris and Mr Bartlett has made good use of these.
The link between the Joinville family and MS Harley 2253 is important also because Geoffroi de Joinville's elder brother was Jean de Joinville, seneschal of Champagne and biographer of Louis IX, whom Jean accompanied on crusade.