John of Salisbury

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Salisbury, John of:

see John of SalisburyJohn of Salisbury
, c.1110–1180, English scholastic philosopher, b. Salisbury. He studied in France at Paris and Chartres under Abelard and other famous teachers. He was secretary to Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, and friend and secretary to St.
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.

John of Salisbury

(sôlz`bərē), c.1110–1180, English scholastic philosopher, b. Salisbury. He studied in France at Paris and Chartres under Abelard and other famous teachers. He was secretary to Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, and friend and secretary to St. Thomas à Becket, of whom he wrote a biography. From 1176 to 1180, John was bishop of Chartres. His two main works are the Polycraticus, a treatise on the principles of government, and the Metalogicus, which presents a picture of the intellectual life and the scholastic controversies of the age. He was well acquainted with the Latin classics, and the influence of Platonism on his writing is considerable. He was one of the originators of moderate realismrealism,
in philosophy. 1 In medieval philosophy realism represented a position taken on the problem of universals. There were two schools of realism. Extreme realism, represented by William of Champeaux, held that universals exist independently of both the human mind and
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 as a solution to the controversy with nominalism.

Bibliography

See two selections from the Polycraticus—The Statesman's Book of John of Salisbury (tr. by J. Dickinson, 1927, repr. 1963) and Frivolities of Courtiers (tr. by J. P. Pike, 1938, repr. 1972); M. J. Wilks, ed., The World of John of Salisbury (1985).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

John of Salisbury

 

Born 1115 or 1120 in Salisbury; died Oct. 25, 1180, in Chartres (?). English theologian.

John of Salisbury was secretary to Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas à Becket, and he supported him in his struggle against King Henry II of England. He dedicated his principal work, Policraticus, to Becket; in it he set forth his political and ethical views (particularly his substantiation of the idea that secular power must be subordinate to spiritual power). His book also contained information on the history of philosophical doctrines. He also wrote a treatise entitled Metalogicon (an introduction to Aristotelian logic) and Historia pontificalis, which dealt with the years 1143 through 1152.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

John of Salisbury

died 1180, English ecclesiastic and scholar; bishop of Chartres (1176--80). He supported Thomas ? Becket against Henry II
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(78) See Christophe Grellard, "Le sacre et le profane: Le statut des laics dans la Respublica de Jean de Salisbury," in Les laics dans les villes de la france du Nord an Xlle siecle, ed.
Bisson (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995), 124-148; Donnalee Dox, The Idea of the Theater in Latin Christian Thought: Augustine to the Fourteenth Century (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2004), 8, 87-94; von Moos, Geschichte als Topik, 410-412, 508-511; Grellard, jean de Salisbury, 178-192.