Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Delambre, Jean Baptiste Joseph

 

Born Sept. 19, 1749, in Amiens; died Aug. 19, 1822, in Paris. French astronomer, geodesist, and metrologist.

In 1792, Delambre became a member and in 1803, secretary of the mathematics section of the Paris Academy of Sciences. Together with P. Mechain he took part (1792–97) in the measurement of the meridian arc from Dunkirk to Barcelona, which served as the basis for the establishment of the metric system of measures. Delambre compiled tables of the apparent motions of the sun, the large planets, and Jupiter’s satellites. He improved methods of astronomical computation and wrote a six-volume history of astronomy.

WORKS

Histoire de l’astronomic ancienne, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1817.
Histoire de l’astronomic du moyen âge. Paris, 1819.
Histoire de l’astronomic moderne, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1821.
Histoire de l’astronomic au dix-huitième siècle. Paris, 1827.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The letter - dated March 14 1808, 200 years ago today - was sent by a French navy officer to Jean-Baptiste Delambre, an astronomer and general secretary of the Institut de France.
In 1792, Pierre Mechain and Jean-Baptiste Delambre, two eminent astronomers, set off in opposite directions from Paris in order, by means of triangulation, to measure the distance of the meridian are between Barcelona and Dunkirk.
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