Jean-Baptiste Lully


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Lully, Jean-Baptiste

 

(Italian, Giovanni Battista Lulli), Born Nov. 28, 1632, in Florence; died Mar. 22, 1687, in Paris. French composer and the founder of French opera.

The son of an Italian miller, Lully lived in Paris from the age of 14. He studied music under French organists, played the violin in the court orchestra, and composed arias. In 1653, he became court composer. He composed many ballets, collaborating with Moliere in such comédie-ballets as Le Mariage Forcé and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme. In 1672 he became head of the Paris opera house (Royal Academy of Music) and acquired exclusive rights to produce operas in France. He created the classical lyrical tragedy, a large-scale musical play based on subjects from classical mythology. Among his best operas are Alceste, ou Le Triomphe d’Alcide (1674), Thésée (1675), Atys (1676), and Armide (1686). He also established the form of the French overture.

Publication of the complete works of Lully, edited by H. Prunières, was undertaken in 1930, and by 1939 ten volumes had appeared.

REFERENCES

Asaf’ev, B. V. “Liulli i ego delo.” In the collection De Musica, issue 2. Leningrad, 1926.
Rolland, R. “Zametki o Liulli.” Sobr. soch., vol. 16. Leningrad, 1935
Borrel, E. J.-B. Lully. Paris, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Starting in the 1650s, surprisingly intimate widescreen extravaganza charts the evolution of the relationship between Louis and Italian composer Jean-Baptiste Lully, as the composer's professional ambition and wounded pride eventually pit him against his friend, the playwright Moliere.
(1) Jean-Baptiste Lully. The collected works, general ed.
Neal Zaslaw, who studied the engraving carefully for the exact size and distribution of the chorus and orchestra, counts seven singers in the left box and five in the right one; see his 'Lully's Orchestra', Jean-Baptiste Lully: Acres du colloque Saint-Germain-en-Laye/Heidelberg, 1987, ed.
In Paris at the court of Louis XIV the new art was encouraged in the lavish works of Jean-Baptiste Lully, while at the court in Vienna the Italian operas of Pietro Antonio Cesti were performed.
Two days earlier, acting on her own behalf and that of her children, the widow of Jean-Baptiste Lully, Madeleine Lambert, sold all the remaining books of Lully's music to Jean Baptiste Christophe Ballard in accordance with a sentence handed down by the courts of Chatelet de Paris the, previous day (16 July 1714).
| 1687: Jean-Baptiste Lully, the composer who made French opera popular, died from an abscess on his foot caused by striking it with the stick he used to conduct his Te Deum.
When Louis XV inherited the French throne from his illustrious predecessor, the court at Versailles boasted a fully-developed and distinctive musical style thanks to the contributions of such brilliant court composers as Jean-Baptiste Lully and Marin Marais.
Not so, however, with these interpretations of big-boned majestic and relatively unfamiliar liturgical settings by Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-16587).
Would it not have been better to clear the air and identify Guy Oldham as the 'contemporary connoisseur' in much the way that Marcelle Benoit admonished Ariane Ducrot for not permitting her Lully thesis to be consulted (see Jean-Baptiste Lully and the Music of the French Baroque, ed.
Braun, |Lully und die franzosische Musik im Spiegel der Reisebeschreibungen', Jean-Baptiste Lully: Actes du colloque/Kongressbericht: Saint-Germain-en-Laye - Heidelberg 1987, ed.
A generation younger than Jean-Baptiste Lully, Lalande quickly rose to prominence at the court of Louis XIV.
This summer, Gauvin returns to Boston to perform with the Boston Early Music Festival as Venus in the North American premiere of Jean-Baptiste Lully's Baroque masterpiece, Psyche, under the direction of Stephen Stubbs and Paul O'Dette.

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