Jean François Millet

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Millet, Jean François

 

Born Oct. 4, 1814, in Gruchy, near Gréville, in Normandy; died Jan. 20, 1875, in Barbizon, near Paris. French painter and graphic artist.

Millet, the son of a peasant, studied painting in Paris under P. Delaroche in 1837 and 1838. In the late 1830’s and the 1840’s he painted portraits in an eclectic style, court scenes reminiscent of F. Boucher, and compositions on mythological subjects. Having become associated with such masters of the Barbizon school as N. V. Diaz, Millet began painting scenes from peasant life. With a profoundly sympathetic approach to the subject, Millet realistically depicted the difficult working conditions of the peas-ants and poetically expressed the indissoluble bond between man and nature (The Gleaners, 1857; The Angelas, 1859; The Peasant Leaning on His Hoe, 1863—all in the Louvre, Paris).

The peasants and landscapes depicted in Millet’s paintings are imbued with grandeur, austere simplicity, and a meditative sadness. The artist’s works of the 1850’s and 1860’s are marked by clear composition; forms are accentuated by means of various compositional devices (low horizon, large figures). These works are also characterized by subtle value relationships and somewhat heavy earthen colors. A number of them are undoubtedly expressions of social criticism, as was pointed out by the leading critics of Millet’s day. At the same time, these works often seem to justify a traditional way of life. From the mid-1850’s, Millet did many etchings and pastels.

REFERENCES

Zamiatina, A. N. Millet. Moscow, 1959.
Moreau-Nelaton, E. J.-F. Millet raconté par lui-même, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1923.
Gay, P. J.-F. Millet. Paris, 1951.
Lepoittevin, L. Jean-Francois Milletportraitiste: Essai et catalogue. Paris [1971].
References in periodicals archive ?
He grants himself that wish by making rural realism heavyweight Jean-Francois Millet his main character and then killing him off (well, not quite) while he's still a struggling artist.
Author's Note: These verses remember Mark Royden Winchell both as a biographer and as a reviewer of my book 'The Habitual Peacefulness of Gruchy: Poems After Pictures by Jean-Francois Millet (LSU Press, 2005).
Jules Breton appears in most surveys of nineteenth-century art only as a comparison to Jean-Francois Millet.
Costumed by Russ Vogler in the style of French painter Jean-Francois Millet, Harvest was a straightforward telling of incidents in a peasant's day.
In 2008 and again in 2011, the Thai artist Araya Rasdjarmrearnsbok took copies of famous European paintings, including examples by Edouard Mane; Jean-Francois Millet, and Artemisia Gentileschi, and of a couple of works by Jeff Koons out into the towns and countryside of Thailand to see what people there might make of them.
including masterpieces by Paul Cezanne, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Honore Daumier, Augustus John, Edouard Manet, Jean-Francois Millet, Claude Monet, Camille Pissaro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, J.
Image: The Gleaners (1857) by Jean-Francois Millet, Musee d'Orsay, Paris.
One can compare prints by Jean-Francois Millet and Japanese masters to Van Gogh's painted copies.
Many of these artists particularly Rembrandt van Rijn, Eugene Delacroix, Jean-Francois Millet, Honore Daumier, and the Japanese masters of ukiyo-e had a resounding impact on his choice of subject matter and the evolution of his extraordinary drawing style while others, like Henri Matisse and Paul Klee, were early beneficiaries of his example.
Munich-based participant Katrin Bellinger is to be found at Colnaghi on Old Bond Street, showcasing a beautiful red chalk study entitled La laitiere normande (1849-50), by Jean-Francois Millet.
2), by Jean-Francois Millet, whose reliance on pen alone anticipates Van Gogh, was a piece that Prat desired long before he was able to acquire it.
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