Jean François Millet

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Millet, Jean François


Born Oct. 4, 1814, in Gruchy, near Gréville, in Normandy; died Jan. 20, 1875, in Barbizon, near Paris. French painter and graphic artist.

Millet, the son of a peasant, studied painting in Paris under P. Delaroche in 1837 and 1838. In the late 1830’s and the 1840’s he painted portraits in an eclectic style, court scenes reminiscent of F. Boucher, and compositions on mythological subjects. Having become associated with such masters of the Barbizon school as N. V. Diaz, Millet began painting scenes from peasant life. With a profoundly sympathetic approach to the subject, Millet realistically depicted the difficult working conditions of the peas-ants and poetically expressed the indissoluble bond between man and nature (The Gleaners, 1857; The Angelas, 1859; The Peasant Leaning on His Hoe, 1863—all in the Louvre, Paris).

The peasants and landscapes depicted in Millet’s paintings are imbued with grandeur, austere simplicity, and a meditative sadness. The artist’s works of the 1850’s and 1860’s are marked by clear composition; forms are accentuated by means of various compositional devices (low horizon, large figures). These works are also characterized by subtle value relationships and somewhat heavy earthen colors. A number of them are undoubtedly expressions of social criticism, as was pointed out by the leading critics of Millet’s day. At the same time, these works often seem to justify a traditional way of life. From the mid-1850’s, Millet did many etchings and pastels.


Zamiatina, A. N. Millet. Moscow, 1959.
Moreau-Nelaton, E. J.-F. Millet raconté par lui-même, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1923.
Gay, P. J.-F. Millet. Paris, 1951.
Lepoittevin, L. Jean-Francois Milletportraitiste: Essai et catalogue. Paris [1971].
References in periodicals archive ?
The exhibition will include works by Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Jean-Francois Millet, and Edgar Degas.
Author's Note: These verses remember Mark Royden Winchell both as a biographer and as a reviewer of my book 'The Habitual Peacefulness of Gruchy: Poems After Pictures by Jean-Francois Millet (LSU Press, 2005).
One can compare prints by Jean-Francois Millet and Japanese masters to Van Gogh's painted copies.
Artists represented in Masterpieces of European Art include Jean-Simeon Chardin, Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, Eugene Delacroix, Honore Daumier, Thomas Gainsborough, Sir Peter Lely, Jean-Francois Millet, Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Rembrandt van Rijn (attributed), Jacob van Ruissdael, Alfred Sisley, Jan Steen, Gerard Ter Borch, J.
Munich-based participant Katrin Bellinger is to be found at Colnaghi on Old Bond Street, showcasing a beautiful red chalk study entitled La laitiere normande (1849-50), by Jean-Francois Millet.
Many of these artists particularly Rembrandt van Rijn, Eugene Delacroix, Jean-Francois Millet, Honore Daumier, and the Japanese masters of ukiyo-e had a resounding impact on his choice of subject matter and the evolution of his extraordinary drawing style while others, like Henri Matisse and Paul Klee, were early beneficiaries of his example.
1850-51) by Jean-Francois Millet and important works by Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot.
2), by Jean-Francois Millet, whose reliance on pen alone anticipates Van Gogh, was a piece that Prat desired long before he was able to acquire it.
9 /PRNewswire/ -- The beloved nineteenth-century French master Jean-Francois Millet (1814-1875) will be celebrated in an international loan exhibition of 60 drawings, pastels and paintings on display at The Frick Art & Historical Center in Pittsburgh beginning February 13.
The Boys were united by youthfulness, friendship and an admiration for the works of Jean-Francois Millet and Jules Bastien-Lepage, both of whom made guest appearances in the Glasgow version of the exhibition (which I saw) at Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum (9 April-27 September 2010); as did their other mentor, William Stott of Oldham, whose masterpiece, The Ferry, painted at Grez-sur-Loing, was first exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1882.
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