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Born Jan. 23, 1767, in Paris; died there Nov. 16, 1820. French political figure.
Tallien was prominent during the French Revolution. After the overthrow of the monarchy on Aug. 10, 1792, he was appointed secretary of the Paris Commune, and in September he became a member of the Convention as a Jacobin. In the autumn of 1793, Tallien was sent to Bordeaux as a commissioner. While there, he used his authority for personal gain, taking bribes and embezzling public funds, and in the spring of 1794, at the insistence of Robespierre, he was recalled to Paris.
A leader of the Thermidorian counterrevolution (1794), Tallien directed the suppression of the national Prairial insurrection of 1795. During the period of the Directory (1795–99), he was a member of the Council of Five Hundred. After the coup d’etat of 18 Brumaire (1799), Tallien withdrew from politics.