Jeannette Rankin


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Rankin, Jeannette,

1880–1973, American pacifist, b. Missoula, Mont. She was active in social work and campaigned for woman suffrage. A Republican, she was the first woman in the United States to serve (1917–19) in Congress and also was (1941–43) a member of the 77th Congress. She voted against the declaration of war on Germany in 1917 and in 1941 cast the only vote in the House against entering the war. A member of various antiwar organizations, she led (1968) the Jeannette Rankin Brigade, a peace group, to Washington to protest the Vietnam War.

Bibliography

See biography by H. Josephson (1974).

Rankin, Jeannette (b. Pickering)

(1880–1973) U.S. representative; born in Missoula, Mont. A graduate of the University of Montana (1902) and of the New York School for Social Work (1909), she fought for women's suffrage and helped obtain it in Montana (1914). Running on a platform that called for prohibition and "preparedness that will make for peace" (1916), she was the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (Rep., Mont.; 1917–19) and became one of only 57 members to vote against U.S. entry into World War I. After losing a reelection bid, she devoted herself to pacifism and women's and children's causes. Serving again in the House (1941–43), she was the only member of Congress to vote, on December 8, 1941, against U.S. entry into World War II. She continued to lobby for peace in later years, particularly during the Korean and Vietnam Wars; in 1967 a group of women formed the Jeannette Rankin Brigade to oppose the latter war.
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Jeannette Rankin is thoroughly researched, drawn from seemingly every book or article ever written about Rankin, her own extensive papers and speeches, and author interviews, including one with Louise Replogle, Wellington Rankin's second wife.
What Our Past Can Tell Us: Jeannette Rankin and Her Life Long Fight for World Peace, Charlotte A.
The entry on music in the West is especially interesting, On the other hand, the one on the women is relatively skimpy, although there are separate entries on women of such variable shades as Cattle Kate (Ella Watson, 18627-1888), madam and cattle rustler and Willa Cather (1873-1947) the author, or Lola Montez (1818-1861) the dancer and Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973) the pacifist congresswoman from Montana.
The President appeared genuinely surprised by the news, White House sources insist, although Republican critics, such as Montana Republican Jeannette Rankin, contend that the Pacific Fleet was moved to Hawaii to lure just such an attack.
1916) US: Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman member of Congress.
The thorough study traces almost 100 years of coverage of women politicians, from Jeannette Rankin to Christine Todd Whitman.
There are no tributes to Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, to Victoria Claflin Woodhull, the first woman to run for president, or to Jeannette Rankin, a pacifist who was the first woman elected to Congress and the only representative to cast a vote against U.
Montana has only sent one woman to Congress: Jeannette Rankin, a suffragist and pacifist who was elected in 1916.
Sponsored by American Association of University Women; free; the readings, written by the members presenting, will reflect the lives of such women as Abigail Scott Dunaway, Jeannette Rankin, Sara Bard Field and Marion Towne; business meeting will precede presentation at 10 a.
The play tells the remarkable story of Jeannette Rankin, the self-reliant Montana suffragist who became the first woman elected to the U.
Barbara Lee's lone dissent links her with Jeannette Rankin, the only member of Congress to oppose U.
The two person play, acted by Jeanmarie Simpson and Cameron Crain, presented the life and times of Jeannette Rankin, first woman member of the US Congress.