Jeannette Rankin

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Rankin, Jeannette,

1880–1973, American pacifist, b. Missoula, Mont. She was active in social work and campaigned for woman suffrage. A Republican, she was the first woman in the United States to serve (1917–19) in Congress and also was (1941–43) a member of the 77th Congress. She voted against the declaration of war on Germany in 1917 and in 1941 cast the only vote in the House against entering the war. A member of various antiwar organizations, she led (1968) the Jeannette Rankin Brigade, a peace group, to Washington to protest the Vietnam War.


See biography by H. Josephson (1974).

Rankin, Jeannette (b. Pickering)

(1880–1973) U.S. representative; born in Missoula, Mont. A graduate of the University of Montana (1902) and of the New York School for Social Work (1909), she fought for women's suffrage and helped obtain it in Montana (1914). Running on a platform that called for prohibition and "preparedness that will make for peace" (1916), she was the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (Rep., Mont.; 1917–19) and became one of only 57 members to vote against U.S. entry into World War I. After losing a reelection bid, she devoted herself to pacifism and women's and children's causes. Serving again in the House (1941–43), she was the only member of Congress to vote, on December 8, 1941, against U.S. entry into World War II. She continued to lobby for peace in later years, particularly during the Korean and Vietnam Wars; in 1967 a group of women formed the Jeannette Rankin Brigade to oppose the latter war.
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Always happy to have a chance to mention Jeannette Rankin, who teaches us that fighting for a losing cause most definitely does not make you a losing person.
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Jeannette Rankin, by then quite elderly, found herself leading a brigade of 5,000 women marching on Washington in January 1968 to demand that the war end and the military industrial complex be stopped.
Representative Jeannette Rankin, Republican of Montana, the first woman elected to the House of Representatives, cast the sole vote against entering World War II, she recalled La Follette's lonely opposition to the First World War.
House of Representatives since the first - Jeannette Rankin of Montana - was sent to Capitol Hill in 1916, only four have come from Massachusetts.
The 2009 All-USA Community College Academic Team final judges were: -- Emily Brown, Marymount University -- Mark Davies, Bucknell University -- Deanna D'Errico, American Association of Community Colleges -- Carolyn Dietel, Mount Holyoke College -- Bob Dubill, Retired Executive Editor of USA TODAY -- Martha Ellis, The University of Texas System -- Kirk Glaze, Coca-Cola North America -- Raymond Hites, Hites Family Community College Scholarship Foundation -- Sue Lawrence, Jeannette Rankin Women's Scholarship Fund -- Marcella McClatchey, Amherst College -- Dwandalyn Reece, National Endowment for the Humanities -- Sharon Shoham, Jack Kent Cooke Foundation
Teresa Hansen, and Rebekah Gayley, brought extraordinary diligence, wit, and enthusiasm to WILPF in Washington as 2002's Jeannette Rankin interns, an opportunity funded each year by the Cleveland Branch.