Jelly Roll Morton

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Morton, Jelly Roll,

1890–1941, American jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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 musician, composer, and band leader, originally named Ferdinand Joseph Lamothe, b. Gulfport, La. He began studying piano as a child and in his youth was a pianist in the colorful Storyville district of New Orleans. Later he played with Johnny Dodds, Baby Dodds, Kid Ory, Barney Bigard, and other noted jazz musicians, and in the late 1920s made a series of highly praised recordings at the head of the Red Hot Peppers band. His popularity severely declined in the 1930s. Although Morton is regarded by many as the greatest New Orleans pianist and the first great jazz composer, his egocentricity, moodiness, and quarrelsome disposition led many musicians and critics to disparage him. His compositions and arrangements, many of which reflect his Creole background, include "Dead Man Blues," "Jelly Roll Blues," "King Porter Stomp," "Black Bottom Stomp," "Mama Nita," "Mamie's Blues" (or "219 Blues"), "Moi pas l'aimez ça," "The Pearls," "Sidewalk Blues," and "Wolverine Blues". The publication of his collected scores in 1982 helped to spark a Morton revival in the United States.


See biography by A. Lomax (1950).

References in periodicals archive ?
Hot Jazz Special is a lively introduction to the music and to artists like Jelly Roll Morton, Django Reinhardt, Charlie Parker, Billie Holiday and Duke Ellington.
Others being feted for lifelong musical contributions are country vocalist Eddy Arnold, composer Morton Gould, rock vocalist Janis Joplin, '50s rocker Jerry Lee Lewis, jazz innovator Jelly Roll Morton, blues pianist Pinetop Perkins and gospel-soul greats the Staple Singers.
He then traces the dawn's radiance from Yoruba ijuba (homage) to African American juba (homage), uniting Gelede to 'Lection Parades, Jelly Roll Morton to Fela, and FESTAC to AfriCobra.
The Life, Music, and Redemption of Jelly Roll Morton
Otro de los grandes precursores fue Jelly Roll Morton, quien trabajo en cabarets de blancos, y en donde los otros musicos no podian seguir su ritmo y su fuerza.
In a five-CD collection (with an accompanying 120-page booklet) of 95 tunes, Williams traces the shifting sound of jazz from Scott Joplin's rag-time and Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong's New Orleans blues on through the big bands of Fletch Henderson, Gene Krupa, Count Basie, and the indescribable Duke Ellington.
This enables Shipton to treat Paul Whiteman with the same seriousness--if quite not the same admiration--as Jelly Roll Morton, while also paying more serious attention to international jazz trends and patterns of influence than is apparent in most comparable works.
His devotion to Louie in later years was almost exclusive, but at one time he had broader tastes in jazz that included Jelly Roll Morton, Bessie Smith, Count Basie, Bix, and many others.
Her father loved piano music, from Beethoven to Jelly Roll Morton, and would quiz Mary and her older brother, Dion, on matters melodious.
In his "An Off-the Beaten-Track Car Tour of Early Jazz Sites" you'll learn about the soul of New Orleans--its musical culture--as you travel along Rampart and Basin Streets, past the birthplace of Jelly Roll Morton and the remnants of fabled Storyville.
Hammons dances on the ruins of elegance and order the way Jelly Roll Morton once danced on the ivories.
The Iroquois Theater, the local black vaudeville center, where Jelly Roll Morton likely played;