Jemdet Nasr


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Jemdet Nasr

 

(Jamdat Nasr), the remains of an Aeneolithic agricultural settlement of the end of the fourth millennium B.C., located 25 km northeast of Babylon, Iraq. The British archaeologist E. Mackay investigated the site from 1925 to 1927. It consists of three mounds, the middle of which contains the cultural level. Because of this level, the name Jemdet Nasr has been given to one of the historical periods of predynastic Sumer (it is preceded by the periods of the Obaidian [Ubaid] and Warkan [Uruk] cultures). Discoveries included multiroom dwellings and the ruins of a palace or temple in which clay tablets with pictographic symbols were found. Characteristic of Jemdet Nasr are the monochrome and polychrome clay vessels with geometric curvilinear and other decoration, as well as stone vessels. The implements discovered included clay sickles, stone hoes, and knives made of obsidian. Copper articles were also found as well as seals with carved human and animal figures and the distinctive cylinder seals (the so-called Jemdet Nasr style of seals).

REFERENCES

Childe, V. G. Drevneishii Vostok v svete novykh raskopok. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from English.)
Mackay, E. “Report on Excavations at Jemdet Nasr.” In the book Memoirs of Field Museum of Natural History, vol. 1, no. 3. London-Chicago, 1931.

IU. A. ZADNEPROVSKII

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Large fragments of distinctive Jemdet Nasr pottery were found inside the grave.
The Herbert Weld Collection in the Ashmolean: Pictographic Inscriptions from Jemdet Nasr.
Englund a entrepris la publication exhaustive de l'ensemble des textes archaiques mesopotamiens, des epoques d'Uruk et de Jemdet Nasr ou, si l'on prefere, de I'Uruk recent et de I'Uruk tardif.
Zahawi, cover the Jemdet Nasr to the Old Babylonian periods, suggesting that Tell Suleimeh, the ancient Batir (see below), was one of the earliest cities of Mesopotamia.
Seals 1-7 belong to the Jemdet Nasr period, in which nos.
This new material has led to a chronological reassessment of two styles, the "naturalistic" Uruk style and the "schematic" Jemdet Nasr style, which had originally been thought to be consecutive but which are now shown to have been contemporary.
She defines her largely iconographical criteria for selection of the 963 seals and impressions (including fragmentary impressions) which make up her corpus: these had to be published, excavated or fairly reliably provenanced, in the Uruk and Jemdet-Nasr figurative style, from Mesopotamia, southwestern Iran, Syria, and Anatolia (but excluding Egypt), chronologically linked to the Uruk period, but excluding "the groups which are clearly attested only within the Jemdet Nasr period or later which have no precedents within the Uruk phase" (p.
Most significantly, the book provides a thorough presentation of the form and content of the Sumerian texts of the Jemdet Nasr period.
The decipherment pherment of the archaic tablets of the Erlenmeyer collection brings a new understanding of Sumerian writing and of the archaic number system in the Jemdet Nasr Period, ca.
The seals are consequently grouped according to the then-conventional Mesopotamian classifications: Jemdet Nasr (1-26); Early Dynastic I (27-30), II (31-36), and III (37-40); Akkadian (41-65); Gutian (66-69); Ur III (70-75); Isin-Larsa (76-80); Old Babylonian (81-103); Kassite (104-5); Cappadocian (106-42); Old Syrian (143-73); Middle Syrian (174-81); Mittanian (183-212); Middle Assyrian (213-21); Neo-Assyrian (182, 222-86); and Achaemenid (287-88).