Incheon

(redirected from Jemulpo)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Incheon

or

Inchon

(ĭn`chän, Korean ēnchən), city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul. Incheon's economy is heavily dependent on shipping and the transshipment of goods. Incheon is one of South Korea's major industrial centers: iron, steel, coke, light metals, plate-glass, textiles, chemicals, and lumber are among its manufactures. Fishing is also an important industry. Large salt fields have been developed in the tidal flats off Incheon. Increasing urbanization and subway and expressway links with SeoulSeoul
, city (1995 pop. 10,229,262), capital of South Korea, NW South Korea, on the Han River. It has special status equivalent to that of a province. The political, commercial, industrial, and cultural center of the nation, Seoul is by far the most important city in the
..... Click the link for more information.
 have made Incheon and Seoul into one large urban region, and the city is the site of a new international airport (2001) serving the area. The city was opened to foreign trade in 1883. It was called Jinsen by the Japanese, who ruled Korea from 1905 to 1945. During the Korean War, U.S. troops landed at Incheon (Sept. 15, 1950) to relieve pressure on the Busan (Pusan) perimeter and to launch the subsequent UN drive northward. Incheon has several universities, including Inha Univ. The city was formerly called Chemulpo.

Inchon

, Incheon
a port in W South Korea, on the Yellow Sea: the chief port for Seoul: site of a major strategic amphibious assault by UN troops, liberating Seoul (Sept. 15, 1950). Pop.: 2 642 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
After the elimination of the settlement system in 1913, the Jemulpo Club was used by Japanese veterans, and later by North Korean battalions and American army officers during the Korean War.
the Jemulpo Commissioner of the Imperial Korean Customs Service.
According to a correspondent in Jemulpo, "owing to the peculiarity of Chinese law, the criminal must confess his guilt in open court before he can be punished." By claiming not to remember the crime he could not confess his guilt.
It seems to have opened in 1884 and was, like many of the buildings in Jemulpo, two stories tall.
Daibuts Hotel was the first hotel in Jemulpo to serve Westerners and, like the others, was a two-story building.
The great naval guns boomed with their assault and their might echoed across the bay and shook the buildings in Jemulpo.
The explosion rocked Jemulpo and sent up a huge cloud of smoke that darkened the sky and debris rained down onto the roofs and yards of the city.
In a letter to his parents in 1885, a German employed in a trading firm in Jemulpo described one of his fellow employees, a Korean who possessed a "big beautiful umbrella," as never letting it out of his sight for fear that someone would steal it.
Lansdale, an American naval officer, rode his bicycle from Jemulpo [Incheon] to Seoul.
In the late spring of 1885, a group of missionaries a including a couple of women a described their experience with riding in a rickshaw from Jemulpo [modern Incheon] to Seoul:
The food appeared after 1883 when the western port city of Incheon was opened to the world following the Jemulpo Convention signed between Korea and Japan in 1992.
On June 4, Jemulpo (Incheon) received a mild shaking in the afternoon, and just after Christmas the local newspaper reported that "Seoul experienced two considerable shocks of earthquakes." Considerable is a matter of opinion as Mary Greathouse, an elderly American resident who had lived in Japan for some time, described them in her diary merely as "slight."