Jena

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Jena

(yā`nä), city (1994 pop. 100,090), Thuringia, E central Germany, on the Saale River. Manufactures of this industrial center include pharmaceuticals, glass, optical and precision instruments, and lasers. The Zeiss works, among the best-known camera and optical equipment manufacturers in the world, implemented massive layoffs in the 1990s due to economic hardship following German reunification. Jena was known in the 9th cent. and was chartered in the 13th cent. The city passed to the house of Wettin in the 14th cent. and in 1485 passed to its Ernestine line. In 1806, Napoleon I decisively defeated the Prussians at Jena. The Univ. of Jena was founded in 1557–58 and reached its height in the late 18th and early 19th cent. At that time the dramatist Friedrich von Schiller, the philosophers Hegel, Fichte, and Schelling, and the poet August Wilhelm von Schlegel taught there. Schiller wrote the Wallenstein trilogy and Goethe wrote Hermann und Dorothea at Jena; Karl Marx was granted a doctorate in 1841. In 1934 the university's name was changed to Friedrich Schiller Univ. of Jena. Noteworthy structures in the city include the Church of St. Michael (13th cent.), a 15th-century city hall, and parts of the city's medieval fortifications.

Jena

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, in the district of Gera, on the Saale River. Population, 88, 300 (1970). Railroad junction. Jena is a center of the optical instrument industry. It is the site of the Carl Zeiss-Jena Plant, which employs 18, 000 people and is one of the world’s biggest enterprises. The plant produces various optical instruments, astronomical equipment, light and electron microscopes, medical equipment, camera lenses, and binoculars. These products, as well as optical glass and medicines, are manufactured primarily for export. Jena is the site of the Friedrich Schiller University, a planetarium, a seismological institute, an observatory, a botanical garden, anda school for preparing specialists in the fields of precision mechanics, optics, and medicine.

Jena

a city in E central Germany, in Thuringia: university (1558), at which Hegel and Schiller taught; site of the battle (1806) in which Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Prussians; optical and precision instrument industry. Pop.: 102 634 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
"When I first went in at Forest I went to watch the Youth Cup games and there was this phenomenon called Jermaine Jenas, " said Platt.
Villa are looking for Jenas to complement skipper Stiliyan Petrov in the centre and provide some invention and goals.
But the Bulgarian international and Villa captain is glad to have Jenas in the squad, even if it does means there is extra competition for him in the centre of the park.
But despite his protestations itis thought that a fee of around pounds 7.5 million would be enough to secure Jenas signature.
Souness has spoken of his determination to keep Jenas in the North-East on several occasions and a manager who plans to implement a new-look 4-3-3 system, should he manage to sign the attacking players he has identified, has earmarked the 22-year-old to play a regular central midfield role alongside Scott Parker and Emre.
Neither chairman Freddy Shepherd nor Souness want Jenas to go, but the player is clearly unhappy on Tyneside and my feeling is that they will have little alternative but to cash in on him.
Jenas has been crying out for first-team football to keep his Euro 2012 hopes alive and believes his Villa Park stay will help him recapture his best form.
Midfielder Jenas is now ready to quit the Premier League and head for Turin to play for one of Europe's most glamorous clubs.
Jenas's club campaign spluttered to a low with him losing his first-team status.
Jenas will now have the shortest summer break of his career, with the midfielder facing games in Chicago on May 28 and New Jersey on May 31 before he can finally put his feet up after a gruelling club season.
Jenas began the season in tremendous form, earning his first start for England against Azerbaijan in September and impressing new manager Graeme Souness so much that he made him captain for almost three months when Alan Shearer was out injured.
JERMAINE Jenas and Alan Hutton checked in at Villa last night as Alex McLeish bolstered his squad with a late double deadline day swoop for the Tottenham duo.