Jenin


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Jenin

(jĕ`nēn), town (2003 est. pop. 34,000), West Bank, at the southern entrance to the Esdraelon Valley and on the northern edge of the Samarian Highlands. It is an important crossroads, urban center, and market town and is also the site of a large Palestinian refugee camp. The town's economy is based on service, craft, some industry, and local agriculture, which produces wheat, barley, olives, dates, figs, and vegetables.

Jenin is believed to have been built on the site of the ancient city of Ein-Ganam, mentioned in the Egyptian Amarna tablets (see Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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), or the biblical town of Ginnat. Once the site of a Byzantine church, now in ruins, Jenin was captured by Christian knights during the Crusades. The town was used as a Turkish-German army base during World War I, became part of the Palestine mandate (1923–48), and was annexed (1950) by Jordan. A center of Palestinian guerrilla activity after the 1948 Arab-Israeli warArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, Jenin was occupied by Israel from the Six-Day War (1967) until 1995, when it came under Palestinian control. Jenin was the center of fierce Israeli-Palestinian fighting in 2002, when the town was heavily damaged.

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References in classic literature ?
We camped at Jenin before night, and got up and started again at one o'clock in the morning.
JENIN, August 3, 2017 (WAFA) -- Israeli settlers backed by a military escort Thursday installed caravans and tents at the site of Sanour near Jenin in the north of the West Bank, which was a former Israeli settlement that was evacuated in 2005, according to local sources.
Dodging cultural and literal bullets, Israeli incursions and religion, Mark and his team set out to run a comedy club and put on two nights in Jenin in the West Bank.
JENIN, February 9, 2018 (WAFA) -- Israeli forces Friday detained four Palestinians from the northern West Bank district of Jenin and the Old City of Hebron, said local sources and WAFA correspondent.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A Palestinian resident of Jenin, in the Northern West Bank, alleged to have been responsible for the drive-by fatal shooting of an Israeli settler last month was reported killed by Israeli forces in the town of al-Yamoun, West of Jenin, on Tuesday.
6 (Petra) -- Jenin Municipality declared a full-scale strike to mourn the loss of Ahmad Jarar, who was killed by Israeli forces in Al-Yamun village northwest of Jenin in the West Bank, Jenin governor Ibrahim Ramadan said in a statement on Tuesday.
Israeli bulldozers also demolished a car repair shop in Barta'a al-Sharqiya village in Jenin in the north of the West Bank under the pretext of building without a permit.
Security and local sources in Jenin reported that the Israeli forces arrested Ahmed Kanaan, 30 years after storming the town of Jaba and raiding the home of his family and several homes; while many Palestinians suffered from suffocation during the clashes that broke out between youths and Israeli forces which fired tear gas bombs.
Israeli forces clashed with Palestinians in Jenin this morning in the most violent confrontation so far in the search for three Israeli teens kidnapped last Thursday while hitchhiking in the West Bank.
Mrouf added that the money would be used to expropriate private land from the current Palestinian owners in order to establish an industrial zone in Jenin in the northern West Bank.
Ramallah: A raging fire triggered by a gas lighter has claimed the lives of two Palestinian children and grievously injured their father who tried to save them in their home in the village of Saris near Jenin.
Jenin, June 19 (BNA) - Israeli occupation forces arrested at dawn today two Palestinian youths from Jenin and Aneen village and raided two houses in Arraba town.