Jenin

(redirected from Jenin Refugee Camp)

Jenin

(jĕ`nēn), town (2003 est. pop. 34,000), West Bank, at the southern entrance to the Esdraelon Valley and on the northern edge of the Samarian Highlands. It is an important crossroads, urban center, and market town and is also the site of a large Palestinian refugee camp. The town's economy is based on service, craft, some industry, and local agriculture, which produces wheat, barley, olives, dates, figs, and vegetables.

Jenin is believed to have been built on the site of the ancient city of Ein-Ganam, mentioned in the Egyptian Amarna tablets (see Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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), or the biblical town of Ginnat. Once the site of a Byzantine church, now in ruins, Jenin was captured by Christian knights during the Crusades. The town was used as a Turkish-German army base during World War I, became part of the Palestine mandate (1923–48), and was annexed (1950) by Jordan. A center of Palestinian guerrilla activity after the 1948 Arab-Israeli warArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, Jenin was occupied by Israel from the Six-Day War (1967) until 1995, when it came under Palestinian control. Jenin was the center of fierce Israeli-Palestinian fighting in 2002, when the town was heavily damaged.

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References in periodicals archive ?
JENIN, Thursday, August 01, 2019 (WAFA) -- Seven Palestinians deemed wanted by police in the northern West Bank city of Jenin for shooting in the air during events such as weddings or release of prisoners from Israeli jails turned themselves over to security forces in Jenin refugee camp, today said Jenin governor, Akram Rjoub.
Ramallah, May 13 (Petra) - Two Palestinian young men, early Monday, were injured with Israeli rubber-coated steel bullets, while other dozens were suffocated during clashes erupted after the occupation soldiers stormed Jenin refugee camp in the northern West Bank .
IOF then assaulted Alaa Abu Khalifa during the storming of his house in Jenin refugee camp and arrested his brother Qusay.
A number of Palestinians were injured yesterday and suffocation as a result of the Israeli occupation forces attacked the Jenin refugee camp in the West Bank.
Forces also detained a youth after raiding, searching, and wreaking havoc into his family home in Jenin refugee camp.
Of particular note was the death of her cousin Shadi al-Nubani, who was killed during the Israeli invasion of the Jenin refugee camp commencing April 3, 2002.
Jenin refugee camp, a stronghold for the al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade during the Second Intifada, is not a place synonymous with laughs.
"An occupation force raided the house of Azmi Abdel-Qader Freihat and arrested his two sons, Jihad and Abdelkader, as well as two other people from the Jenin refugee camp, who were visiting the family." Wafa news agency reported.
Two Palestinians were arrested in Jenin refugee camp and Ya'bad city, the sources said.
Earlier today, Israeli troops raided the Palestinian Jenin refugee camp wounding 22 people and arresting three others.
RAMALLAH (CyHAN)- At least five Palestinians and one Israeli soldier were injured in overnight fierce clashes in Jenin refugee camp in northern West Bank, medics and security officials said on Tuesday.
Nabil Al-Raee, artistic director of e Freedom eatre, which is based in the Jenin Refugee camp, will be talking about the work of the theatre and its role in the non-violent resistance movement in Palestine.