Born Nov. 10, 1886, in Wellington, New Zealand. Canadian ethnologist, representative of the so-called historical school of American ethnology.
Jenness studied the Eskimo and Indians of the American North. He presided over a number of scholarly institutions (president of the American Anthropological Association, director of the Arctic Institute of America, head of the anthropological division at the National Museum of Canada). He first visited the North with the Stefansson-Anderson Canadian Arctic expedition (1913-16). Later, he was a member and leader of a series of joint geographic and ethnological expeditions to the American Arctic.
WORKS“The Life of the Copper Eskimos.” Report of the Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-1918, 1923, vol. 12, part A.
The Indians of Canada. [Ottawa, 1955.]
The People of the Twilight. [Chicago] 1959.
Eskimo Administration, parts 1-5. [Montreal] 1962-68.