Jenny Marx

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marx, Jenny


(maiden name, von Westphalen). Born Feb. 12, 1814, in Salzwedel; died Dec. 2, 1881, in London. Wife, friend, and comrade of Karl Marx.

Jenny von Westphalen broke with the aristocratic milieu in which she was born and married Marx in 1843. She served as his secretary, making copies of his manuscripts for publication and corresponding with a number of leading figures in the international working-class movement. She staunchly and courageously bore the persecution to which the Marx family was subjected and all the calamities of life in exile, which contributed to the deaths of four of her children. For 40 years Jenny Marx “not only shared the fortune, labors, and struggle of her husband but took part in them with the fullest understanding and the most glowing enthusiasm” (F. Engels, in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 19, p. 300).


“Beglyi ocherk bespokoinoi zhizni.” In Vospominaniia o Markse i Engel’se. Moscow, 1956.
[Pis’ma.] Ibid., pp. 240-54.
[Pis’ma.] In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 27-34. (Appendixes.)


Engels, F. “Zh. Marks, urozhdennaia fon Vestfalen.” In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 19.
Engels, F. “Rech’ nad mogiloi Zh. Marks.” Ibid.
Vinogradskaia, P. S. Zhenni Marks. Moscow, 1964.
Sinel’nikova, I. M. “Dokumenty Zh. Marks kak odin iz istochnikov biografii Marksa i Engel’sa.” In Iz istorii marksizma. Moscow, 1961.
Dornemann, L. Zh. Marks. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from German.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It closes with personal pieces by his son-in-law Paul Lafargue, his wife Jenny Marx, his daughter Eleanor Marx-Aveling, and Frederick Engels at Marx's funeral.
Mary Gabriel, Love and Capital, Karl and Jenny Marx and the Birth of Revolution (New York: Little, Brown and Company 2011)
(2) Jenny Marx, 'Short sketch of an eventful life' [extracts], in Edna Healey, Wives of Fame: Maw Livingstone, Jenny Marx, Emma Darwin.
'Dear Mr Engels', as Jenny Marx was apt to address him, was regularly allocating over half his annual income to the Marx family--totalling between 3-4,000 [pounds sterling] over the 20-year period he was employed.
For all intents and purposes, Helene Demuth was property -- owned by Karl and Jenny Marx.
Love and capital; Karl and Jenny Marx and the birth of a revolution.