Jens Peter Jacobsen


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Jacobsen, Jens Peter

 

Born Apr. 7, 1847, in Thisted; died there Apr. 30, 1885. Danish writer.

Jacobsen graduated from the University of Copenhagen in 1867. A biologist by education, he was one of the first Scandinavian popularizers of Darwinism. He influenced the development of psychological and impressionist literature in Western Europe.

Jacobsen combined an analytical approach to the portrayal of the outer world and man’s inner life with emotionalism, colorful descriptions, and the use of historical detail. The historical novel Marie Crubbe (1876; Russian translations, 1893 and 1962) contains vivid scenes from the life of Denmark and Norway in the 17th century. The novel Nils Lyhne (1880; Russian translations, 1911 and 1976) deals with an intellectual’s renunciation of religion; it depicts with psychological precision the hero’s cultivation of fortitude, which ends in his self-mastery. Jacobsen was also the author of short stories and poems.

WORKS

Samlede verker, vols. 1–5. Copenhagen, 1924–29.
In Russian translation:
Novelty. Moscow, 1909.

REFERENCES

Brandes, G. “I. P. Iakobsen.” Sobr. soch., vol. 3. St. Petersburg [1896].
Admoni, V. G. “Roman I. P. Iakobsena Nil’s Liune.” In Skandinavskii sbornik, vol. 14. Tallinn, 1969.
Knudsen, A. J. P. Iakobsen i hans digtning. Copenhagen, 1950.
Nielsen, F. J. P. Jacobsen. Copenhagen, 1953.
Nielsen, F. J. P. Jakobsen: En literxr undersøgelse. [No place] 1968.
Omkring “Niels Lyhne.” Edited by N. Barfoed. Copenhagen, 1970.

V. G. ADMONI

References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, we learn briefly about Nielsen's interest in Jens Peter Jacobsen's poetry between the late 1880s and 1893, what he writes to his girlfriend in 1888 regarding poetry and music, about the performance of one of the songs from opus 4 in 1890 in Odense, two years before it was published, and about Nielsen's old teacher, Orla Rosenhoff, who reported in a letter how he had followed the development of these early compositions "from sketches to full compositions." One gains an enriched sense of musical life in Denmark as lived by Nielsen and the principal characters whose paths intersected his in one way or another, be they family, friends, performers, patrons, publishers, teachers, promoters, or reviewers.
The point is that Gurrelieder, a huge oratorio based on texts by the Danish poet and novelist Jens Peter Jacobsen, is an early work in a lush romantic style.
Another edition, edited by Jens Peter Jacobsen, includes all of Pederson's secular vocal music (Madrigaler fra Christian IV's tid, Dania sonans 2-3 [Egtved: Musikhojskolens Forlag, 1966-67]).
There is much emphasis on 'Austrian' features in reiterated formulations such as 'Kafka's description [...] resembles closely many other characters in the Austrian fin-de-siecle literature', exemplified, surprisingly, by Jens Peter Jacobsen, Henri Frederic Amiel, and Thomas Mann (p.
In Kysse Marie: En historie om Marie Grubbe (Kissy Marie: A Story About Marie Grubbe) Juliane Preisler has chosen to revisit the historical figure of Marie Grubbe, a subject of earlier Danish fiction by Steen Steensen Blicher (Brudstykker af en Landsbydegns Dagbog [Remnants of a Village Deacon's Diary!, 1824) and, most notably, by the naturalist novelist par excellence Jens Peter Jacobsen (Fru Marie Grubbe [Lady Marie Grubbe!, 1876).
Other notable writers influenced by Brandes include Jens Peter Jacobsen, Henrik Pontoppidan, and Herman Bang.
End-of-the-line neurotic aestheticism ran from Jens Peter Jacobsen's Niels Lynhe (1880) through Joris-Karl Huysmans's Against the Grain (1884) and Hauptmann's Michael Kramer (1900) to Rainer Maria Rilke's The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge (1910).
The novel that may have provided Hurston with her scaffolding the Danish novelist Jens Peter Jacobsen's Marie Grubbe: A Lady of the Seventeenth Century (1876), was richly suited to her requirements, since it was based on a figure that was at once historical and, at the same time, larger than life to a degree that approaches the mythological.
Campbell gives information on Jens Peter Jacobsen's Gurrelieder in his article "Gurrelieder and the Fall of the Gods: Schoenberg's Struggle with the Legacy of Wa gner," finding a parallel between Jacobsen's glance toward the future in this text and Schoenberg's original orchestrational idiom in part 3, by which the older Wagnerian context of the oratorio is dispelled.
While the role of Ibsen and Strindberg in revolutionizing European theatre is already universally recognized and the importance of prose writers such as Jens Peter Jacobsen for German authors like Rilke is also part of the Germanist's general knowledge, from now on no one will be able to ignore the influence on the literary development south of the Baltic Sea of Scandinavian writers of the generation before the protagonists of the 'Modern Breakthrough'.