Jensen, Johannes Hans Daniel

Jensen, Johannes Hans Daniel,

1907–73, German physicist, Ph.D. Univ. of Hamburg, 1932. Jensen was a professor at the Technical Univ. of Hanover from 1941 to 1949, when he joined the faculty at Heidelberg. He was named professor emeritus in 1969. Jensen received the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physics with Maria Goeppert-MayerGoeppert-Mayer, Maria,
1906–72, German-American nuclear physicist, Ph.D. Univ. of Göttingen, 1930. She was a researcher at Johns Hopkins (1931–39), Columbia (1939–46), Argonne National Laboratory (1946–60), and the Univ.
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 and Eugene WignerWigner, Eugene Paul
, 1902–95, American physicist, b. Hungary, grad. Technische Hochschule, Berlin, 1925. He was a professor at Princeton from 1930 to 1936 and again from 1938 to 1971. In 1937 he became a U.S. citizen.
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. Jensen and Goeppert-Mayer were cited for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure. Working independently, and later collaboratively, the two explained the stability of certain isotopes as a result of the arrangement of the protons and neutrons in the nucleus.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jensen, Johannes Hans Daniel

 

Born June 25, 1907, in Hamburg. German physicist.

Jensen studied first at the University of Freiburg and then at the University of Hamburg. From 1937 to 1941 he was a docent at the latter, and from 1941 to 1949 he was a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Hanover. In 1949 he became a professor at the University of Heidelberg. His principal works are concerned with the theory of atomic nuclei. He substantiated a number of features of atomic nuclei, in particular, the existence of the “magic” nuclei, which have high stability. With his coworkers (but independently of M. Göppert-Mayer) Jensen developed the shell model of the nucleus. He received a Nobel Prize in 1963.

WORKS

Elementary Theory of Nuclear Shell Structure. New York, 1955. (With M. Göppert-Mayer.)
In Russian translation:
Elementarnaia teoriia iadernykh obolochek. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCE

Bagge, E. Die Nobelpreisträger der Physik. Munich, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.