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in law, condition of a person charged with a crime and thus in danger of punishment. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a defendant could be exposed to jeopardy for the same offense only once; exposing a person twice is known as double jeopardy. Double jeopardy is prohibited in federal and state courts by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The concept refers to an offense, not to an act giving rise to an offense; therefore, it is possible to try a person for multiple violations arising from a single act (e.g., assault, attempted murder, and carrying a deadly weapon). Jeopardy does not exist until the juryjury,
body convened to make decisions of fact in legal proceedings. Development of the Modern Jury

Historians do not agree on the origin of the English jury.
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 is sworn in, or, if there is no jury, until evidence is introduced. The prohibition of double jeopardy does not preclude a second trial if the first court lacked jurisdiction (authority), if there was error in the proceedings, or if the jury could not reach a verdict. Additionally, an offense is potentially subject to separate prosecutions in federal and state courts. A similar principle, known as res judicata, operates in civil suits. It holds that once a civil case has been finally decided on the merits the same parties can not litigate it again. In England and Wales, revisions to criminal law that took effect in 2005 now permit the Court of Appeal to order a person acquitted of a crime to be retried if there is "new and compelling" evidence.
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Law danger of being convicted and punished for a criminal offence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
James is also one of 15 youths, ages 10 to 12, from across the country who earned spots as contestants on the popular quiz show "Jeopardy!" during Kids Week 2009.
(An employee at the local CBS affiliate in Montgomery, Alabama, which shows "Jeopardy!" at 9:30 a.m.
Jeopardy! (Season 29.32-5) – Jacob, Marla, & by R38102
Looking like carnival midway workers, current contestants appeared in little video snippets to cajole and convince members of the viewing audience to sign up on the "Jeopardy!" Web site (
25,000: Approximate number of "Jeopardy!" contestants since the game show's debut in 1964.
"Jeopardy!" made its debut in 1964, seven years before Mrs.
Holzhauer has used principles from his career to bludgeon his "Jeopardy!" opponents.
This has been the harsh reality for the 32 people in the last three weeks who have faced off against one of the most dominant players in "Jeopardy!" history -- someone who may have cracked the code to the iconic game show, to the point where it might never be the same.
The answer, unfortunately for Koral, was the guy to his left: James Holzhauer, the frighteningly talented "Jeopardy!" player who has dominated the past 13 games and racked up $942,738, second only to Ken Jennings.
Naperville North alum breaks his own 'Jeopardy!' record
Question: Who rose to number two Monday on the all-time cash winnings list for regular games on TV's "Jeopardy!"?