Jerome David Salinger

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Salinger, Jerome David


Born Jan. 1, 1919, in New York City. American writer.

Salinger served in the US Army during World War II. In his early short stories, published in the collection Nine Stories (1959), Salinger depicted the spiritual trauma of young Americans upon their confrontation with self-interest and utilitarianism. He attained world renown with his novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951; Russian translation, 1960), in which the adolescent hero runs away from home and spends several days in the “adult” world, with its false values. The young man contrasts the wretched practicality of “average Americans” to humaneness, imagination, and sensitivity to beauty. This type of hero occupied an important place in Western literature about youth in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Similar characters are drawn in the stories about the Glass family, including Franny and Zooey (1961) and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters (1963).

Salinger’s prose is characterized by lyricism, musicality, and a unique philosophical quality, which can be traced to his interest in Zen.


Nine Stories. New York, 1963.
In Russian translation:.
Nad propast’iu vo rzhi. Vyshe stropila, plotniki ... [2nd ed.]. [Moscow] 1967.


Orlova, R. Potomki Gekl’berri Finna. Moscow, 1964.
Salinger: A Critical and Personal Portrait. New York, 1962.
French, W. J. D. Salinger. New York, 1963.


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Jerome David Salinger was born on New Year's Day 1919 in Manhattan, New York, the son of an Irish mother and Jewish father with Polish roots.
Jerome David Salinger guarded his privacy so jealously that he launched legal battles against unauthorised biographies - and even a memoir by his daughter Margaret, by Claire Douglas, a student he wed in 1956.