Jerzy Putrament

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Putrament, Jerzy


Born Nov. 14, 1910, in Minsk. Polish writer. Member of the Polish Workers’ Party from 1944, of the Polish United Workers’ Party (PUWP) since 1948, and of the Central Committee of the PUWP since 1964.

Putrament received a degree in philology from the University of Vilnius in 1934. During World War II he helped organize the Union of Polish Patriots in the USSR and the First Polish Army. After the formation of the Polish People’s Republic, he served as ambassador to Switzerland from 1945 to 1947 and to France from 1947 to 1950.

Putrament’s works first appeared in print in 1932. Among his best novels are Reality (1947; Russian translation, 1948), September (1951; Russian translation, 1961), At the Crossroads (1954), Noah’s Ark (1961), The Stepsons (1963), They of Little Faith (1967), The Wild Boar (1964), Virgin Forest (1966; Russian translation, 1970), and Boldyn (1969). Putrament is also famous as a short-story writer (collection, The Sacred Bullet, 1946), journalist, and essayist. His reminiscences, entitled Half a Century, appeared in four volumes between 1961 and 1970. Putrament deals with important social issues, and his novels and short stories are marked by dramatic conflict, dynamic action, and a penchant for polemic incisiveness. He received the State Prize of the Polish People’s Republic in 1953, 1955, and 1964, and in 1974 he was awarded the Order of Builder of People’s Poland.


Wiersze wybrane 1932–1949. Warsaw, 1951.
In Russian translation:
Rasskazy. Moscow, 1963.
“Egosyn, prokuror: Povest’.” Zvezda, 1968, no. 12.


Gorskii, I. K. “Tvorcheskii put’ E. Putramenta.” In Sovremennaia pol’skaia literatura. Moscow, 1953.
Wisłowska, M. Putrament. Warsaw, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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According to Czaykowski, Adam Wazyk, Jerzy Putrament, Lucjan Szenwald, Wladyslaw Broniewski et consortes deserve attention despite their servility or even treason, as their production constitutes a distinct category which can be viewed as symmetrically parallel, and at the same time opposite, to that which has usually been considered the mainstream of Polish emigre poetry; i.e., the poetry of the national cause.
The novelist Jerzy Andrzejewski, the poet and short-story writer Tadeusz Borowski, the Writers Union functionary Jerzy Putrament, and the poet Konstanty Ildefons Galczy[acute accent]nski all reappear in The History of Polish Literature (1969), where they are given the scholarly treatment that is their due, and again at some length in A Year of the Hunter, and once more in each of the ABC books.
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