Jewel Beetles

(redirected from Jewel Beetle)

Jewel Beetles

 

(Buprestidae), a family of beetles. Length, 3–100 mm. Jewel beetles often have a bright metallic color (hence the name).

The beetles fly in the hot summer months and are found on the trunks of trees and on logs, while small species are more common on flowers and leaves. The larvae are white, apodal, and develop under the bark and in the wood of trees and bushes. In the steppe zone small jewel beetles develop in grassy plants, and some mine leaves. In the steppe and deserts a number of species (in the soil) feed on plant roots.

Jewel beetles are the third most harmful beetle forest pest (after bark beetles and longhorn beetles), and they are often the most harmful orchard pests. The species that live in wood create winding passages densely filled with brown “flour”; most passages end in pupa chambers. Jewel beetles do particular damage in hot years. They also abet the spread of wood-destroying fungi.

There are more than 10,000 species, with about 500 in the USSR, mostly in southern regions. They are widespread (about 80 percent of the species are in tropical countries). The most widespread harmful species are the four-point pine borer (Anthaxia quadripunctata)’, the large pine borer (Buprestis mariana)’, the fire borer (Melanophila acuminata); the black borer (Capnodis tenebrionis), which does heavy damage to orchards; a number of species of borers of the genus Agrilinus, which harm forest plantings; and the elm borer (Lampra decipiens).

REFERENCES

Vorontsov, A. l.Lesnaia entomologiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967.
Rikhter, A. A. Zlatki, parts 2–4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949–52 (fauna SSSR: Nasekomye zhestkokrylye, vol. 13, issues 2, 4).

M. E. TER-MINASIAN

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Sulphurous Jewel Beetle - This brightly-coloured beetle is not rare but uncommon to the UAE, says Ajmal.
Washington, Sept 30 (ANI): A University of Toronto Mississauga professor won the Ig Nobel Prize after he studied how an Australian jewel beetle died in the hot sun while trying to mate with a brown 'stubby' beer bottle, which he thought to be his female counterpart.
The emerald and sea green gown, covered with the iridescent wings of the jewel beetle (which the beetles shed naturally) was worn by Ellen when she wowed audiences with her portrayal of Lady Macbeth at London's Lyceum Theatre in 1888.
The University of Bonn uses the infrared-sensitive sensors of the jewel beetle as a template for a remote fire-sensitive network that could sniff out forest fires very quickly.
for his depiction of a snail radula; Neal Melvin of the University of Texas in Dallas for his image of an adult mouse hippocampus; Gerd Guenther of Duesseldorf, Germany, for his Trichodina pediculus; Charles Krebs of Issaquah, Washington, for his image of a jewel beetle, and Petr Znachor of the Institute of Hydrobiology in the Czech Republic, for his depiction of a colonial diatom.
Apart from their important functions insects such as butterflies, jewel beetles and dragonflies delight people with their beauty.
Then, having tucked in to horse kebabs, they declined elephant, monkey, and, quite feebly, jewel beetles on sentimental grounds.