Jewish Autonomous Region


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Jewish Autonomous Region

or

Birobidzhan

(bērōbējän`), autonomous region (1995 pop. 211,900), c.13,800 sq mi (35,700 sq km), Khabarovsk Territory, Russian Far East, in the basins of the Biro and Bidzhan rivers, tributaries of the Amur. The capital is Birobidzhan. The region is bounded on the south by China (Heilongjinag prov.) and on the north by the Bureya and Hinggan (Khingan) mts., which yield gold, tin, iron ore, and graphite. Mining, agriculture (chiefly on the Amur plain), lumbering, and light manufacturing are the major economic activities.

Formed in 1928 to give Soviet Jews a home territory and to increase settlement along the vulnerable borders of the Soviet Far East, the area was raised to the status of an autonomous region in 1934. The Jewish population peaked in 1948 at about 30,000 (one fourth of the total population). Despite some remaining Yiddish influences—including a Yiddish newspaper—Jewish cultural activity in the region has declined enormously since Stalin's anticosmopolitanism campaigns and since the liberalization of Jewish emigration in the 1970s. Jews now make up less than 2% of the region's population.

Jewish Autonomous Region

an administrative division of SE Russia, in E Siberia: colonized by Jews in 1928; largely agricultural. Capital: Birobidzhan. Pop.: 190 900 (2002). Area: 36 000 sq. km (13 895 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Victor, an ICOR activist who had just returned from a trip to the USSR, including Birobidzhan, delivered a lecture about the Jewish Autonomous Region -- its location, land area, population, and natural resources.
Magnes Museum of Berkeley, California, and the State Historical Museum of the Jewish Autonomous Region, this book is an illustrated history of Birobidzhan from the 1920s - when the idea of a separate Jewish territory was first mooted - to the post-Soviet 1990s.
In: 10th Anniversary, Jewish Autonomous Region, May 1944.
The pavilion will be dedicated to the 85th anniversary of the Jewish Autonomous Region. An exposition entitled Rainbow of Perspectives is intended to demonstrate the unique character of the region in terms of its culture and nature, the importance of its residents to its ongoing development, its investment attractiveness, achievements and plans for the future.
The floods have inundated some 4,380 houses, inhabited by over 27,000 people in the Amur Region and some 959 people in the Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomous Region.
In the Jewish Autonomous Region, the regional hospital in Birobidzhan was thoroughly repaired, new equipment was delivered to medical institutions, in particular, 8 fluoroscopes.
On the territory of advanced development "Amur-Khinganskaya" in the Jewish Autonomous Region, the company "Birobidzhan Metal Structures" is completing the construction of the main workshop for the production of sandwich panels and has already started production in the mode of commissioning.
Tenders are invited for updating of the territorial waste management scheme, including solid municipal waste, of the jewish autonomous region with the development / correction of the automated information system electronic model of the territorial scheme of waste management, including solid communal waste, jewish autonomous region
The Rosselkhoznadzor Department for the Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomous Region conducted the monitoring of the FGIS Mercury in the Khabarovsk Territory.
Tenders are invited for development of design and estimate documentation for the object "reconstruction of the water intake facilities for drinking water supply in the village of smidovich, smidovichsky district, jewish autonomous region"
The acquisition of residential premises in the ownership of the russian federation and the operational management of the ministry of internal affairs of russia in the jewish autonomous region as a separate apartment for permanent residence in order to provide employees of the ministry of internal affairs of russia in the jewish autonomous region who were dismissed from service in the internal affairs bodies and registered as in need of residential premises before march 1, 2005, under a social employment contract outside the framework of the state defense order
Tenders are invited for the acquisition of residential premises in the ownership of the russian federation and the operational management of the ministry of internal affairs of russia in the jewish autonomous region as a separate apartment for permanent residence in order to provide employees of the ministry of internal affairs of russia in the jewish autonomous region who were dismissed from service in the internal affairs bodies and registered as in need of residential premises before march 1, 2005, under a social employment contract outside the framework of the state defense order

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