Jewish Autonomous Region


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Jewish Autonomous Region

or

Birobidzhan

(bērōbējän`), autonomous region (1995 pop. 211,900), c.13,800 sq mi (35,700 sq km), Khabarovsk Territory, Russian Far East, in the basins of the Biro and Bidzhan rivers, tributaries of the Amur. The capital is Birobidzhan. The region is bounded on the south by China (Heilongjinag prov.) and on the north by the Bureya and Hinggan (Khingan) mts., which yield gold, tin, iron ore, and graphite. Mining, agriculture (chiefly on the Amur plain), lumbering, and light manufacturing are the major economic activities.

Formed in 1928 to give Soviet Jews a home territory and to increase settlement along the vulnerable borders of the Soviet Far East, the area was raised to the status of an autonomous region in 1934. The Jewish population peaked in 1948 at about 30,000 (one fourth of the total population). Despite some remaining Yiddish influences—including a Yiddish newspaper—Jewish cultural activity in the region has declined enormously since Stalin's anticosmopolitanism campaigns and since the liberalization of Jewish emigration in the 1970s. Jews now make up less than 2% of the region's population.

Jewish Autonomous Region

an administrative division of SE Russia, in E Siberia: colonized by Jews in 1928; largely agricultural. Capital: Birobidzhan. Pop.: 190 900 (2002). Area: 36 000 sq. km (13 895 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
When news of the Soviet decision making Birobidzhan a Jewish autonomous region was heard, it decided to immediately hold a celebration on 9 June and make it part of its anti-fascist work.
Electronic auction: implementation of works on maintenance of public roads of regional importance of the jewish autonomous region birobidzhan - ungun - leninskoe, access to the international river port in the village of.
Electronic auction: provision of financial services for the provision in 2017 of a loan to the municipal entity "birobidzhan city" of the jewish autonomous region in the form of a non-revolving credit line in the amount of 50,000,000 rubles to cover the budget deficit of the municipal entity "birobidzhan city" of the jewish autonomous region
Electronic auction: provision of financial services for the provision in 2017 of a loan to the municipal entity "birobidzhan city" of the jewish autonomous region in the form of a non-revolving credit line in the amount of 60,000,000 rubles to cover the budget deficit of the municipal entity "birobidzhan city" of the jewish autonomous region
Tenders are invited for Provision of services for the production and placement of advertisements on billboards outdoor advertising in Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, the Republic of Adygea, Arkhangelsk, Voronezh, Amur, Sakhalin, Irkutsk, Kurgan, Tomsk and Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk region, Khabarovsk, Primorsky, Trans-Baikal, the Krasnodar Territory , the Jewish autonomous region for the needs of LLC "RN-Loyalty" Deadline c 07/07/2017
Open Competition: Provision of services for the printing of receipts and the delivery of payment documents for the payment of contributions for capital repairs (receipts with (without) notifications of debts and bills for payment with (without) debt notices) to the owners of residential and non-residential premises in apartment buildings - physical and (Or) legal entities in the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Region
Request for quotations: Provision of services for the diagnosis and prevention of copying - duplicating equipment for the needs of the State institution - regional department of the Social Insurance Fund of the Jewish Autonomous Region for small businesses
Request for quotations: provision of services for training employees of state agencies Regional Office Social Insurance Fund of the Russian Federation for the Jewish Autonomous Region, in the direction of "Road Safety"
com/russia-successfully-test-fires-iskander-ballistic-missile-far-east-2404062) test-fired a new Iskander-M ballistic missile during an exercise in the Jewish Autonomous Region in the Far East.
Medical--demographic values of the Jewish Autonomous Region population as the reflection of complex natural and anthropogenic factors.
Meteorologists have said that the floods affecting the Amur and Magadan regions, the Jewish Autonomous Region, the Primorye Territory, and the Siberian republic of Yakutia are the worst to hit the area in 120 years.
Over 40,000 people in the Far East are currently involved in relief and rescue operations in the Amur Region, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomous Region following heavy rains that caused the Amur River to burst its banks, RIA Novosti reported.

Full browser ?