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(hä'skəlä`), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.


See J. Katz, Tradition and Crisis (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Although the book may prove helpful in advancing Mendelssohn studies, it is unclear whether any larger points can be made about the Jewish Enlightenment against the backdrop of recent studies by such leading scholars as David Sorkin.
At times, this can verge on being reductive, but some parallels--like that raised in discussions of a Jewish Enlightenment ("Haskalah") in late eighteenth-century Europe and its threat to rabbinical authority--are very suggestive.
David Sorkin, a distinguished historian of German Jewry and of the Jewish Enlightenment in Europe more broadly, contributes the fresh perspective of a non-Americanist in his article comparing Jewish emancipation in Europe and America during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
The chapter titles indicate her vision: "Centers of Jewish Enlightenment," "An Educational Canon for Integration into the State and Society," and "New Jewish Elites in the Russian Empire.
An important and controversial tool of the religious Reform movement after the start of the Jewish Enlightenment, the organ became the focus of considerable religious policy debate and Jewish liturgical composition.
How much were satirical treatments of religious believers influenced by Jewish enlightenment attacks on Hasidic Judaism, some of them likewise written by people of unquestioned orthodoxy?
By the late nineteenth century, increasing numbers of Jewish women in Russia were maskilot [sympathetic with the Haskalah, the modern Jewish Enlightenment movement of the late nineteenth century], literate in the Russian language, educated in secular schools, with access to published matter that exposed them to modern philosophy, politics, and literature.
His first book, Antonio's Devils: Writers of the Jewish Enlightenment and the Birth of Modern Hebrew and Yiddish Literature, was published last year by Stanford University Press.
An intimate of the leading Lutheran theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, Herz had a salon that thrived in 1780s and '90s Berlin at the height of the Jewish Enlightenment movement, which sought to reconcile Jewish life with contemporary German culture.
63) Yet, agreeing here with Weber, the Frankfurt school saw Christianity, particularly in its Catholic form, as a return to magic, a lapse from Jewish Enlightenment.
These poems are tesserae piecing together the story of the 18th-century figure Moses Mendelssohn--known as the Jewish Socrates, father of Jewish Enlightenment, and grandfather of the composers Felix and Fanny.
Ruderman's Jewish Enlightenment in an English Key: Anglo-Jewry's Construction of Modern Jewish Thought is probably the last book readers expect to see reviewed in Studies in Romanticism.

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