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Jhansi(jän`sē), city (1991 pop. 368,564), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. A road and rail junction, agricultural market, and small industrial center, it has iron and steel mills and railway workshops. The city grew around a fort built in 1613 by the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
..... Click the link for more information. and strengthened in 1742 by the MarathasMarathas
, Marathi-speaking people of W central India, known for their ability as warriors and their devotion to Hinduism. From their homeland in Maharashtra their chieftains rose to power in the 17th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . It reverted to Great Britain in 1853, when the ruling prince died without heirs. British residents in Jhansi were massacred during the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
..... Click the link for more information. (1857).
a city in northern India, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the Chambal River valley. Population, 198,100 (1971). Jhansi is a commercial and distribution center and a highway, railroad, and airline junction. The city contains railroad workshops and handicraft industries. There is a memorial museum in the old fort in honor of Rani Lakshmi Bai, a heroine of the anti-English nationalist (Sepoy) uprising of 1857-59.