The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a post-Harappan archaeological culture of about the 16th-15th century B.C. The Indian archaeologist N. G. Majumdar discovered the culture at the village of Jhukar, on the territory of the historical province of Sind (Pakistan). The culture has been observed on insufficient territory and, therefore, the question of its origin has not yet been resolved. Two-color pottery similar to Baluchistan types is characteristic of the Jhukar culture as are the distinctive seals made from stone, faience, and clay. Excavations in Chanhu-Daro have established a certain time interval between the Harappan and Jhukar cultures. A number of archaeologists (R. E. M. Wheeler, S. Piggott, and others) identify the bearers of the Jhukar culture with the Aryans, a conclusion which elicits serious objections. The definite affinity of Jhukar to certain Baluchi archaeological cultures links it to the ancient tribes of Baluchistan.


Dikshit, S. K. Vvedenie v arkheologiiu. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
Bongard-Levin, G. M. “Kharappskaia tsivilizatsiia i ’ariiskaia problema’.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1962, no. 1.
Wheeler, R. E. M. The Indus Civilization, 3rd ed. Cambridge, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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No boundary wall has been constructed by Sindh Culture, Tourism and Archaeology Department around the Jhukar ruins due to which land grabbers have occupied its precious land.
Majumdar was sure that Jhukar Jo Daro had some connection with other such ancient sites including Mohenjo Daro, Harappa and has also same cultural value.
Historian Hafiz Abdul Sattar Korejo in his paper on 'Jhukar jo daro or fort of Seesam' said that in history books, Jhukar jo Daro was called fort of Seesam also.
Thus it is likely that this horizon at Oriyo Timbo is akin to the Jhukar in Sind as a manifestation of the Late Harappan.