Jiang Qing

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Jiang Qing


Chiang Ch'ing

(both: jyäng jĭng), 1914–91, Chinese Communist political leader, wife of Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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. Born Li Jinhai or Li Shumeng, she was later known as Li Yunhe and Li He and changed her name to Lan Ping in 1938 when beginning an acting career, joining the Communist party the same year. In 1939, she married Mao Zedong and thereafter remained in the background of Chinese Communist affairs until the outbreak of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 (1966–76). Appointed deputy director (1966) of the Cultural Revolution, she incited radical youths against senior party and government officials, and replaced nearly all earlier works of art with revolutionary Maoist works. A member of the politburo (1969–76), she was one of the most powerful political figures during Mao's last years. For her role in the Cultural Revolution she was arrested (Oct., 1976) by Hua GuofengHua Guofeng
or Hua Kuo-feng
, 1920–2008, Chinese Communist leader. He was relatively unknown until he became minister of public security and deputy premier in 1975. As Mao Zedong's designated heir, he became premier following Zhou Enlai's death (Jan.
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, Mao's successor, and sentenced to die (later commuted to life imprisonment). Her death was reported as a suicide by the Chinese government.


See R. Witke, Comrade Chiang Ch'ing (1977) and R. Terrill, The White-boned Demon (1989).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Jiang Qing

, Chiang Ch'ing
1913--91, Chinese Communist actress and politician; widow of Mao Tse-tung. She was a leading member of the Gang of Four
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Although some point to Jiang Qing as the author, scholarship has shown that the Beijing Ballet School, Zhou Enlai, and the China Peking Opera Academy all contributed to the decision making process (Harris, 2010, p.
Zhou, Deng, and even Jiang Qing, the wife of Chairman Mao Zedong, all visited Daqing and employed it as a model for the development of the economy.
Hua took power following Mao Zedong's death in 1976 and is known for announcing the downfall of the "Gang of Four," including Mao's wife, Jiang Qing, in the same year.
China has dreamed of building its own civil aircraft since the 1970s when Jiang Qing, leader Mao Zedong's wife and a member of the notorious "Gang of Four", personally backed an attempt to do so.
1976: The new head of the Chinese Communist Party snuffs out a coup led by Chairman Mao's widow Jiang Qing and three others party members.
The book's strongest section is its second, in which Johnson attempts to outline the musical characterization of Richard and Pat Nixon, Henry Kissinger, Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong), Chiang Ch'ing (Jiang Qing), and Chou En-lai (Zhou Enlai).
Another analysis is offered by a second new book A Confucian Constitutional Order by Jiang Qing, director of the Yangming Confucian Academy, Guizhou.
After Mao died, his wife Jiang Qing was arrested and presented as a Chinese Lady Macbeth.
(28) A small number of high-profile women, such as Song Qing Ling (deputy Chairman of the PRC) and Jiang Qing (Mao's wife) even held high level public positions although there was no doubt that men still dominated the government.
Zhu Zhongli, author of two Chinese accounts on Jiang Qing, has admitted to demonizing her subject for publication.
Nor does either author compare her to Jiang Qing [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], wife of Chiang's rival Mao Zedong [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], who was prevented by the Politburo from playing a public role in the first decades of her marriage but who eventually used her status as wife of the chairman to play a key role in the Cultural Revolution, to China's detriment.