Jiang Zemin


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Related to Jiang Zemin: Wen Jiabao, Zhu Rongji, Deng Xiaoping

Jiang Zemin

(jyäng` zŭ`mĭn`), 1926–, Chinese government official, general secretary of the Chinese Communist party (1989–2002) and president of China (1993–2003), b. Jiangsu prov. Trained as an electrical engineer, Jiang joined the party in 1946, was an industrial executive, and became minister of the Chinese electronics industry in 1983. Elected mayor of Shanghai in 1985, he also became first deputy secretary, then (1988) secretary of the Shanghai Communist party. A member of China's politburo from 1987, he was named to succeed Zhao ZiyangZhao Ziyang
or Chao Tzu-yang
, 1919–2005, Chinese Communist leader. He joined the party in 1938, was active as a local party leader during World War II, and by the 1960s was party secretary of Guangdong prov.
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 as Communist party general secretary after the army crushed prodemocracy demonstrations in Beijing and other cities in 1989. A protégé of Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
or Teng Hsiao-p'ing
, 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow.
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, he replaced Deng as head of the powerful government and party military commissions (1989–90) and was picked by Deng to succeed him. Regarded as a political pragmatist, Jiang consolidated power, extended Deng's economic reforms, and brought about the admission of private business owners into the party's membership. He also increased China's influence in international affairs, and brought China into the World Trade Organization. He retired as party leader in Nov., 2002, and president in Mar., 2003; Hu JintaoHu Jintao
, 1942–, Chinese political leader, b. Jixi, Anhui prov. A hydroelectric engineering graduate (1965) of Tsinghua Univ., he joined the Chinese Communist party in 1964 and worked for the ministry of water conservancy until 1974, when he transferred to the Gansu
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 succeeded him in both positions. Jiang retained his positions on the military commissions until Sept., 2004, but he continued to retain influence in party affairs.

Bibliography

See B. Gilley, Tiger on the Brink (1999).

Jiang Zemin

born 1926, Chinese Communist politician: president (1993--2003)
References in periodicals archive ?
That is what the policy of opening to global market forces and investment, as advocated by both Clinton and Jiang Zemin, means for China."
Jiang Zemin's arrival was prefaced by the roar of demonstrators outside and then a series of polite introductions from representatives of Harvard.
Unlike Jiang Zemin, Zhu has made very little effort in cultivating relationships with key members of the military.
The principal business was a very long report, 30,000 characters, which was read by Jiang Zemin. There was a press conference, but unlike 1987 it did not include questions from the press.
En la ceremonia funebre por la muerte de Deng, realizada en el palacio del pueblo con la asistencia de 10 mil personas en representacion de todas las esferas de la vida de este pais, una enorme banderola roja proclamaba: "bajo la dirigencia del partido con Jiang Zemin al centro, llevar adelante los deseos que Deng Xiaoping no pudo ver realizados".
belonging to former CCP chairman Jiang Zemin and current Vice President Wang Qishan.
2002 - Longtime heir in waiting Hu Jintao became the head of China's ruling Communist Party, but retiring President Jiang Zemin was set to keep a grip on power after packing the new leadership with allies and remaining as armed forces chief.
"You can imagine the Chinese public may start to express some dissatisfaction with the dominance of princelings (sons of revolutionary leaders), with the elder and retired top leader Jiang Zemin's interference in the process of succession," Li said.
''Recent reports of some overseas media organizations about Jiang Zemin's death from illness are 'pure rumor','' Xinhua said, quoting ''authoritative sources.''
"Recent reports of some overseas media organizations about Jiang Zemin's death from illness are 'pure rumor,'" Xinhua on Thursday reported, citing authoritative sources.
China: China s official media said Thursday that reports claiming former president Jiang Zemin had died were "pure rumour", after days of intense speculation about his health.
A travel book detailing the foreign travels of China's former President Jiang Zemin has been published by government publishers in the country, alongside a three-volume set of letters, speeches and decrees.