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Jiangsu (jyängˈso͞oˈ) or Kiangsu (kyängˈso͞oˈ, jyängˈ–), province (2010 pop. 78,659,903), c.41,000 sq mi (106,190 sq km), E China, on the Yellow Sea. Nanjing is the capital.

Land and Economy

Jiangsu consists largely of the alluvial plain of the Chang River and includes much of its delta; in elevation it rarely rises above sea level, although there are hills in the southwest. The fairly warm climate, moderate rainfall, and fertile soil make Jiangsu one of the richest agricultural regions of China and one of the most densely populated. The province straddles two agricultural zones, with wheat, millet, kaoliang, corn, soybeans, and peanuts cultivated in the north and rice, tea, sugarcane, and barley raised in the south. Cotton is grown along the coast (north and south) in the saline soil, which is not suited for other crops. Tea is planted in the western hills, and some experimenting with oak trees for silk culture has been initiated.

Intensive land reclamation has been accomplished, with extensive dikes and the use of the raised-field system. Fish are abundant in the many lakes (of which Tai is the most famous), in the streams and canals, and off the Chang River (Yangtze) delta; Jiangsu, which is known to the Chinese as “the land of rice and fish,” is rich in marine products. It is also a major salt-producing area. Jiangsu is bisected by the Chang, which can be navigated by steamers up to 15,000 tons, and by a portion of the Grand Canal. Its first-class roads and extensive railroad system, including the busiest railway in China, the Shanghai-Nanjing line, make for excellent communications. Perhaps the most prosperous province in China, Jiangsu is deficient only in timber and minerals.

A major part of China's foreign trade clears through the port of Shanghai into Jiangsu. Shanghai, one of the world's great seaports and the chief manufacturing center of China, is in Jiangsu province but is an independent municipality administered directly by the central government. Nanjing has been developed into an industrial center, producing petrochemicals, motor vehicles, machinery, and construction materials. Suzhou, Wuxi, and Zhenjiang are known for their silk. Textile, food-processing, cement, and fertilizer industries are found throughout the province.


Jiangsu was originally part of the Wu kingdom, and Wu is still the province's traditional name. Jiangsu received its present name, derived from Jiangning (Nanjing) and Suzhou (Soochow), in 1667, when it was formed from the old Jiangnan province. The gateway to central China, Jiangsu became the main scene of European commercial activity after the Treaty of Nanjing (1842). The capture of Jiangsu in 1937 was an important phase of Japan's effort to conquer all China (see Sino-Japanese War, Second). Liberated by the Chinese Nationalists in 1945, Jiangsu fell to the Communists in 1949. For a time Jiangsu was administered as two regional units, North and South Jiangsu, but in 1952 the province was reunited. Many archaeological sites have been excavated in Jiangsu since 1956. In 1984 the province was made a part of the Shanghai special economic zone, which has increased investment in and exports from port cities like Nantong.
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, Kiangsu
a province of E China, on the Yellow Sea: consists mostly of the marshy delta of the Yangtze River, with some of China's largest cities and most densely populated areas. Capital: Nanjing. Pop.: 74 060 000 (2003 est.). Area: 102 200 sq. km (39 860 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The members of the delegation will reportedly come mainly from leading enterprises of Jiangsu's three big cities, namely Nanjing, Suzhou and Changzhou, with those from Nanjing targeting the financial sector, those from Suzhou the high-tech sector, and those from Changzhou the animation and comic sector.
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Under the agreement, Jiangsu Masada will be able to sell three types of hydraulic marine machineries in China, including deck cranes that Mitsubishi Heavy licensed to the Chinese firm in 2008, as the only Chinese firm to do so under the Mitsubishi brand name.
Release date- 02112011 - Galaxy Resources Limited (ASX: GXY) advises that final-stage construction of the Company's wholly-owned Jiangsu Lithium Carbonate Project continued on schedule during October 2011, with substantial progress made in all plant areas.
The document aimed at boosting the trade and investment ties between Bulgaria and one of China's richest and most developed provinces Jiangsu was signed in Sofia on Thursday between Bulgarian Deputy Economy Minister Evgeni Angelov and the Director General of the Jiangsu Department of Commerce Zhu Min.
A powerful explosion at a factory in eastern China's Jiangsu Province Wednesday left at least five people dead and 28 seriously injured, the local government said.
Beike will use a portion of the Jiangsu Technological Achievements Transformational Grant to outfit this complex with over 80 specialized pieces of equipment including fully automated enzyme immunoassay analysis systems, carbon dioxide incubators, and cell viability analyzers.
The agreement was signed by Ahmed bin Abdulnabi Macki, minister of national economy and deputy chairman of the Financial Affairs and Energy Resources Council, who is also chairman of OSCEoe1/4aos board of directors and chairman of Jiangsu Rongsheng Heavy Industries.
BigBand Networks Inc (Nasdaq:BBND), a provider of digital video networking, announced on Tuesday (9 June) that it has signed a strategic collaboration agreement with Jiangsu Broadcasting Television Network Corporation Limited (Jiangsu Cable), a cable operator in China, to further expand their relationship, following a successful cooperation in 2008.
Jotun COSCO Marine Coatings (Guangzhou) Co., Ltd, (JCMC) signed contracts for 30 NB's with Jiangsu Yangzijiang Shipbuilding Co., Ltd (old yard) and Jiangsu New Yangzi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd (new yard), both yards belonging to the Jiangsu yard group.
Gadot Biochemical Industries Ltd., Israel, has established a joint venture with China-based Jiangsu Nuobei Biochemical Co.
said its life and general insurance subsidiaries in China both were granted licenses to expand operations in Guangdong province, and the life operation also received the go-ahead to expand throughout Jiangsu province.

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