Jiangxi


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Jiangxi

(jyäng`sē`) or

Kiangsi

(kyăng`sē`, jyäng`–), province (2010 pop. 44,567,475), c.66,000 sq mi (170,940 sq km), SE China. NanchangNanchang
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,168,700), capital of Jiangxi prov., China, on the Gan River, near the southern end of Poyang Lake. A major transportation center, it has a port, rail links to Shanghai, Zhejiang, and Hunan, and an airport.
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 is the capital. The largely hilly and mountainous surface is drained by many rivers; the longest is the navigable Gan, which flows NE to Poyang lake. In Jiangxi's fertile soil and mild climate agriculture flourishes; the growing season is 9 to 11 months long, and more than one third of the area is cultivated. Jiangxi is one of China's leading rice producers; other food crops include wheat, sweet potatoes, barley, and corn. Commerical crops are cotton, oil-bearing plants (rapeseed, sesame, soybeans, and peanuts), ramie, tea, sugarcane, tobacco, and oranges. Ten percent of the province is forested, and a lumbering industry has developed. Tung and mulberry trees are grown; a large, integrated silk complex is at Nanchang. Livestock raising and fish culture are important. Jiangxi is an important source of tungsten; it also has high-grade coking coal (near Pingxiang) and kaolin, which supplies the ancient porcelain industry of Jingdezhen. Manganese, tin, lead, zinc, iron, and antimony are also found. The province has a variety of heavy and light industries that produce petrochemicals, textiles, processed food, and printed materials. Cities, such as Nanchang, Jiujiang, Ganzhou, and Linchuan, are generally situated along the Gan River or on the province's two main railroads. The population in the north consists of largely Chinese who speak the Gan (Jiangxi) variety of Mandarin, while in the south, adjoining Guangdong, there is a large Hakka minority. Jiangxi, linked with Guangdong by the Meiling Pass, has been for centuries China's main north-south corridor for migration and communication. Traditionally known as Gan, Jiangxi was ruled by the Chou dynasty (722–481 B.C.); it received its present name only under the Southern Sung dynasty (A.D. 1127–1280). The province, whose present boundaries date from the Ming dynasty, passed under Manchu rule in 1650. The Chinese Communist movement began (1927) in Jiangxi; the province was a stronghold for the Communists until they were dislodged in 1934. The famous long marchlong march,
Chin., Changzheng, the journey of c.6,000 mi (9,660 km) undertaken by the Red Army of China in 1934–35. When their Jiangxi prov. Soviet base was encircled by the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-shek, some 90,000 men and women broke through the siege (Oct.
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 began from Jiangxi. Following World War II, during which Jiangxi was largely free of Japanese forces, the province passed (1949) to the Communists.

Jiangxi

, Kiangsi
a province of SE central China, in the basins of the Kan River and Poyang Lake: mineral resources include coal and tungsten. Capital: Nanchang. Pop.: 42 220 000 (2003 est.). Area: 164 800 sq. km (64 300 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Call for tender building of a dynamic groundwater model for the near-surface aquifers of the poyang river basin and implementation of a graphic environmental information system for the catchment area of poyang lake in the chinese jiangxi province 16/3/18
The Jiangxi Farm Produce Distribution System Development Project will increase the efficiency and productivity of production logistics and farm systems, including the integration of systems to collect, sort, package and store agricultural products.
The Chief Minister Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif, in his address to Punjab-Jiangxi Business Forum, said that we welcome the business leaders and high-ranking delegation of Jiangxi province to Punjab's historic city of Lahore.
Jiangxi JinkoSolar Engineering is a developer and operator of solar power projects in the People's Republic of China.
The rain also caused the biggest flood in the history of the Meichuan River in Jiangxi.
On Wednesday afternoon, a five-vehicle pile-up, also on the Jiangxi section of the highway, left six people dead and another four seriously injured.
Phylogenetic trees constructed from the 6 internal genes (polymerase basic [PB] 1 and 2, polymerase acidic, nucleoprotein, matrix [M], and nonstructural [NS]) showed that JXB15, JX77, and JX346 clustered closely with H9N2 viruses isolated from Jiangxi in 2010 and 2011 (Figure 2).
NASDAQ: CNIT) said it has won contracts to install 10,000 units of its cloud-based new media elevator terminals in Jiangxi province.
Like Calderdale, the Jiangxi region is putting a major effort into developing tourism, having a similar combination of heritage and landscape, and is also developing its use of digital approaches to tourism and economic development.
54 million people were affected as the impact of the typhoon spread to 185 counties in eight provinces including Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Shandong and Guangdong, the report said.
Jiangxi, China's biggest copper producer, may eventually team up with either Chinalco Mining Corporation International or MMG, which are also evaluating bids for the mine.
The workers were returning to their homes in Jiangxi province after picking pears in neighboring Fujian province.

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